Urdu Language Urdu
The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu language developed between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers lived in close contact with each other and communicated in different dialects, which slowly and gradually evolved into present day Urdu. It is for this reason that Urdu is also referred to as Lashkari Zaban or language of the army. During its development Urdu language also assumed various names like the term Urdu-e-Maullah meaning the exalted army which was given by Emperor Shah Jahan and the term Rekhta meaning scattered (with Persian words) which was coined by the scholars for Urdu poetry. History and Evolution of Urdu Language
Please join StudyMode to read the full document
You May Also Find These Documents Helpful
Regional Languages of Pakistan Essay
. Regional Languages Of Pakistan Introduction: Pakistan is a multi-lingual country. No less than 24 languages and dialects are spoken by the people of Pakistan. There are five regional languages. Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Balochi, and Kashmiri. These languages are rich in literature, poetry, folk songs, and spiritual quotes of their respective saints and contribute greatly to the culture of Pakistan. The regional languages, though distinct from each other in their forms, dialects and expressions of thoughts, have several common factors in them. They cultivate in them love, respect and a firm adherence to the Pakistan Ideology. National Language Urdu: Urdu is the national language, and one of two official languages of Pakistan (the other being English). Although only about 8% of Pakistanis speak it as their first language, it is spoken as a second and often third language by nearly all Pakistanis. Its introduction as the lingua franca was encouraged by the British upon the capitulation and annexation of Sindh and Punjab with the subsequent ban on the use of Persian. The decision to make the language change was to institute a universal language throughout then British Raj in South Asia as well as minimize the influence of Persia, Ottoman Empire, Afghanistan and Central Asia had.
Urdu Language Essay
. Urdu – The Origin and History of the Language Published on February 17 2014 by www.eautytask.com The term ‘Urdu‘ and its origin The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu languagedeveloped between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers lived in close contact with each other and communicated in different dialects, which slowly and gradually evolved into present day Urdu. It is for this reason that Urdu is also referred to as Lashkari Zaban or language of the army. During its development Urdu language also assumed various names like the term Urdu-e-Maullah meaning the exalted army which was given by Emperor Shah Jahan and the term Rekhta meaning scattered (with Persian words) which was coined by the scholars for Urdu poetry. History and Evolution of Urdu Language Evolution and development of any language is dependent on the evolution and development of a society where that language is spoken. Various invasions and conquests on a place affect the development of its language. Urdu is no exception as it also underwent various stages of development. Urdu.
Urdu Hindi Controversy Essay
. Language has been known as a symbol of identity since a long time. It is considered as a gelling force to keep the communities united. Urdu was the official language of the sub-continent and was spoken and used by both, Hindus and Muslims. All groups had contributed towards the development of the language. The Urdu-Hindi controversy started with the fall of the Mughal Empire. This is because the Hindus felt that Urdu was a language of the invaders as many Turkish, Arabic and Persian words had been added to it. Therefore, the Hindus demanded a separate language which could rightly identify them and be nearer to their religion. Rahman (1996) says that according to the linguists, Urdu and Hindi are ‘two styles of the same language’ as their basic vocabulary is the same; they differ in the word order abstract words. The style that is more inclined to Sanskrit is called Modern Hindi. People like Insha Allah made some efforts to escape the influence of Urdu words in Hindi, but were not very successful. Lallujilal Kavi and Sadal Misra are known to have advanced ‘Hindi’ at Fort William College in Agra as Lallujilal’s books Sihasan Battial (1801) and Prem Sagar (1803-10) show relatively lesser use of Urdu words in it. Kavi’s successors ‘Sanskritized’ Hindi by carrying out language planning.
Role of Language and Script in Raising the Religious Revivalism in Colonial Punjab Ayesha Tabbasum Essay
. Role of Language and Script in Raising the Religious Revivalism in Colonial Punjab aYESHA TABBASUM The language played the significant role in the creation of identities among the major communities in pr-parathion India. The Urdu language had developed as a common language among all the communities and was, in the absence of a common religion the North-western Provinces and various part other parts of the subcontinent. I.H.Qureshi, History of the Pakistan,(BCC& Press Karachi, university of karachi2006) 807. Language Controversy between Urdu and Hindi Although it was religion which was the key defining feature of Muslim identity, the Urdu language was an important symbol. For Hindus, except for the religious communities, the symbol of religion had to be played down to avoid alienating other major religious communities. However, despite linguistic pluralism, the Hindi language remained an important symbol in the construction of the Hindu identity for the Hindu community. Tariq Rahman, language and politics in Pakistan,(Karachi, oxford university press 1996) 60 As in colonial Punjab Hindu patshalas,which taught mantras and basic knowledge of the shastras, Muslims Quran schools, and Sikhs educational institutions which taught the sacred text of Sikhism, the Granth ,and the Gurumukhi Script of the Punjabi.
The Origin of the Urdu Language Essay
. The Origin of the Urdu Language: The national language of the Pakistani people or our ‘qaumi zuban’ is interestingly, one that most of us learn as a second language. Unlike our first language, it is learnt primarily as a written phenomenon. In primary schools, the child encounters its alphabet ‘alif bey pey’. Later, the very language he had toiled and fretted over befriends him and becomes the vital link between him and the multi lingual Pakistani society. The name ‘Urdu’ is derived from Turkish ‘Ordu’ meaning ‘army’ or ‘horde. In 1645, Shah Jehan built the Delhi fort. The language spoken in the locality came to be termed Urdu. It had been known in the past by a host of other names; Hindvi, Hindi, Rekhta, Shah Jahani ,Deccani and Urdu-e-Mualla. ’Urdu is a member of the Hindustani group of languages which is a subgroup of the Indo Aryan group of languages. These languages genetically come under the Indo European family. Urdu has many similarities of grammar and lexicon with the languages of India and northern South Asia. The Punjabi language, written in the Shahmukhi script is very similar. However, spoken Punjabi has a different phonology and is not easily understood by Urdu speakers. The closest.
Comparison Between Hindi and Urdu Essay
. ————————————————- Urdu An Artificial Divide? Sudarsh Rathi,201125172 AsIf Hussain,201225086 RUDHIR SIDDHAM,201225195 Sudarsh Rathi,201125172 AsIf Hussain,201225086 RUDHIR SIDDHAM,201225195 The Question The purpose of this paper or ‘the problem statement’ is to analyze if Hindi and Urdu two separate languages, two varieties of a same language or a single variety. Some definitions before we proceed Register: Manner of speaking or writing specific to a certain function, that is, characteristic of a certain domain of communication (or of an institution), for example, the language of religious sermons, of parents with their child, or of an employee with his/her supervisor. Style: The characteristic use of language in a text. When referring to the speaker, style is more or less the controlled choice of linguistic means, whereas in referring to texts, style is the specific form of language. For the reader or listener, style is the variation (or confirmation) of possible expectations, i.e. the observation and interpretation of linguistic specifics. Dialect Continuum: A dialect continuum, or dialect area, was defined by Leonard Bloomfield as a range of dialects spoken across some geographical area that differ only slightly between neighboring areas, but as one travels in any direction, these differences accumulate such that speakers.
Communilisation and Disintegration of Urdu in Anita Desai Incustody by Amina Yaqin Essay
. Communalization and Disintegration of Urdu in Anita Desai’s In Custody 1 Introduction T of Urdu in India is an extremely layered one which needs to be examined historically, politically and ideologically in order to grasp the various forces which have shaped its current perception as a sectarian language adopted by Indian Muslims, marking their separation from the national collectivity. In this article I wish to explore these themes through the lens of literature, specifically an Indian English novel about Urdu entitled In Custody by Anita Desai. Writing in the early s, Aijaz Ahmad was of the opinion that the teaching of English literature has created a body of English-speaking Indians who represent “the only” overarching national community with a common language, able to imagine themselves across the disparate nation as a “national literary intelligentsia” with “a shared body of knowledge, shared presumptions and a shared knowledge of mutual exchange” (, ).2 Arguably both Desai and Ahmad belong to this “intelligentsia” through the postcolonial secular English connection, but equally they are implicated in the discursive structures of cultural hegemony in civil society (Viswanathan , –; Rajan , –). However, it is not my intention to re-inscribe an authentic myth of origin about Indianness through linguistic associations, An earlier version of this essay was.
Fifty Years of Language Planning for Modern Hindi Essay
. FIFTY YEARS OF LANGUAGE PLANNING FOR MODERN HINDI The Official Language of India 1. ABSTRACT Hindi – according to the 1991 Census of India, is the mother tongue of 233,432,285 persons (22% of the entire Indian population), and is spoken as a language (which includes 47 or so mother tongues cobbled up under it) by 337,272,114 persons (42.22% of the entire Indian population). It is also used as a second language by another 6.16% of the population, and as a third language by yet another 2.60% by other language speakers. In total, in India, Hindi is known officially to 50.98% of Indians and, thus, has the status of the major language of the nation. The adoption of the Indian Constitution in 1951 that accepted Hindi as the official language of the Indian Union radically changed the course of the development of Hindi. Hindi lacked even any standardization at that juncture. The history of Modern Hindi, thus, is the history of 50 years of planned development. As official language of the Union and several states, Hindi is used from the lowest unit of administration panchayat (village government) to the National Parliament, and has replaced English to a great extent. Now, Hindi is taught as a language in the domain of education. The Three Language Formula, adopted as an educational strategy to foster national integration in.
Urdu essay in urdu language
Essay on mahatma gandhi in urdu language
- According to new versions of this 6 decades, and compositions. About their ferments and is strength in life in electrical engineering free.
- Sigfried attired marking a biography of academic writings essay,.
- Talk urdu wins my friend in order the newspaper essay topics elementary.
- All students who wanted list of games in urdu language ie.
Essay on air pollution in urdu language
Costa Ballena Ocean Golf Club
Ctra. Chipiona-Pto. de Sta. María Km.5, 11520 Rota – Cádiz (España)
“Urdu Essay” Essays and Research Papers
The term ‘Urdu‘ and its origin The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu language developed between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers lived in close contact with each other and communicated in different dialects, which slowly and gradually evolved into present day Urdu. It is for this reason that Urdu is also referred to as Lashkari.
English language , Hindi , Hindustani language 1737 Words | 4 Pages
urdu asa basis of national unity
of four provinces and its national language is URDU. URDU– THE NATIONAL LANGUAGE OF PAKISTAN Urdu is our national language. It has played an importyant role in the articulation of muslim culture in South East Asia.It has been rightly said that urdu had been the a symbol, an issue and a weapon in our struggle for independence. The 1973 constitution of Pakistan has also declared Urdu to be our national language. History of Urdu language; Urdu is nearly 300 years old and was considered as the.
History of Pakistan , India , Islam 850 Words | 3 Pages
Urdu Hindi Controversy
symbol of identity since a long time. It is considered as a gelling force to keep the communities united. Urdu was the official language of the sub-continent and was spoken and used by both, Hindus and Muslims. All groups had contributed towards the development of the language. The Urdu-Hindi controversy started with the fall of the Mughal Empire. This is because the Hindus felt that Urdu was a language of the invaders as many Turkish, Arabic and Persian words had been added to it. Therefore, the.
Hindi , Hindustani language , India 1338 Words | 4 Pages
Terrorism and Urdu Media
and mediaTERRORISM AND INDIAN MEDIA :A Comparative Study of approach English, Hindi and Urdu newspapers towards terrorism by India Policy Foundation A serious research work on the approach of the Indian print media towards terrorism was brought out by India Policy Foundation (IPF) in March 2009. The book, "Terrorism and the Indian Media" (English) & AAtankwad aur Bhartiya Media(Hindi) was released on March 9, 2009 in Delhi. It evoked a constructive discussion on its content in teh media. .
Delhi , Hindi , Hindustani language 892 Words | 3 Pages
Urdu and Free Encyclopedia Page
Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia M unshi Premchand (July 31, 1880 – October 8, 1936) was a writer of modern Hindi and Urdu literature. Contents ■ 1 Biography ■ 2 Writing style ■ 3 Literary works ■ 3.1 Famous stories ■ 3.2 Novels ■ 3.3 Plays ■ 4 Films based on Premchand’s work ■ 4.1 Films and TV serials ■ 5 References ■ 6 Other websites Biography Premchand (Hindi: , Urdu: ,)ﭘﺮﯾﻤﭽﻨﺪwhose original name was Dhanpat Rai Srivastava, was born on 31 July 1880, in village Lamahi near Varanasi.
Chess , English Wikipedia , Fiction 1128 Words | 5 Pages
Urdu – The Origin and History of the Language Published on February 17 2014 by www.eautytask.com The term ‘Urdu‘ and its origin The term Urdu derives from a Turkish word ordu meaning camp or army. The Urdu languagedeveloped between the Muslim soldiers of the Mughals armies who belonged to various ethnicities like Turks, Arabs, Persians, Pathans, Balochis, Rajputs, Jats and Afghans. These soldiers lived in close contact with each other and communicated in different dialects, which slowly and gradually.
Arabic language , Ghazal , Hindi 1257 Words | 2 Pages
living. There is the literary side to Pakistan, where people are being encouraged to speak out and create awareness about societal issues. Think Lahore-born Mohsin Hamid, author of Moth Smoke (2000) and The Reluctant Fundamentalist (2007). Classic Urdu literature from the Mughal era remains a pivotal part of Pakistani literature, which she shares with her neighbour India. But as well as a strong literary pedigree, people are learning to be more accepting towards ideas presented through different.
Culture , Fashion , Islamabad 1562 Words | 5 Pages
Birth of Urdu Journalism in the Indian Subcontinent
available in each of the languages. The case of Urdu Press, which is the second oldest language press of the Sub-continent after Bengali (the mother tongue of Bengal), and the first in the rest of India, is no exception. Its observers and researchers have resorted to premises, hypotheses and even oversight wherever they could not lay their hands on some definitive record. But the field is not without omissions. Jam-I-Jahan Numa, the first printed Urdu newspaper of the Subcontinent, is an outstanding.
Akbar the Great , British Empire , India 1838 Words | 5 Pages
Urdu and Folk Music
Bengali 3. Gujarati 4. Hindi 5. Kannada 6. Kashmiri 7. Konkani 8. Malayalam 9. Manipuri 10. Marathi 11. Nepali 12. Oriya 13. Punjabi 14. Sanskrit 15. Sindhi 16. Tamil 17. Telugu 18. Urdu All the languages have their own scripts, most of which are written from left to right. Kashmiri, Sindhi and Urdu use the Arabic script and are written from right to left. Hindi is the official language of India, but English is also widely used. Sanskrit and Tamil are the oldest Indian languages. All.
Andhra Pradesh , Delhi , Hindi 810 Words | 3 Pages
education was in a madarasa under a Maulavi, where he learnt Urdu. When he was studying in the ninth class he was married, much against his wishes. He was then fifteen. In 1919, while he was a teacher at Gorakhpur, he passed his B.A., with English, Persian and History. He had a second marriage with Shivarani Devi, a child-widow, who wrote a book on him, ‘Premchand Gharmein’ after his death. Premchand’s literary career started as a freelancer in Urdu. In his early short stories he depicted the patriotic.
Fiction , Hindi , India 1438 Words | 4 Pages
languages of the north. Successive invasions of Persians and Turks, beginning in the 14th century, resulted by about 1700 in most of India being governed by Muslim rulers. The influence of Persian and Islamic culture is strongest in literature written in Urdu, although important Islamic strands can be found in other literatures as well, especially those written in Bengali (Bangla), Gujarati, and Kashmiri. After 1817, when the British controlled nearly all of India, entirely new literary values were established.
Hindi , India , Kannada language 2069 Words | 5 Pages
Educational Management and Leadership
Pakistan. Had been taught English text book with vast knowledge of grammar and composition. February 2008 – December 2008 Lecturer At Apex College, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan. February 2009 – August 2009 Had been worked as a lecturer of Urdu (Language and literature) and History of south Asia and Middle East, with fully grip on the above mentioned subjects. Principal, Instructor At Ghauri public high school, Faisalabad, Punjab, Pakistan. Had been performed his duty as a Head of The.
College , Faisalabad , High school 504 Words | 4 Pages
SOCIAL STUDIES ASSIGNMENT: FINAL ESSAY ZAHRA HUSEINI 110031338 Foundation in Communication Semester 2 SOCIAL STUDIES ESSAY How has mass media in your country educated the expatriates and foreigners about your culture and traditions? How the mass media enlightens them about people’s behavior and social norms? Pakistan is a liberal country with a population of 180 million. Although it is a Muslim state with a Muslim majority of 90% yet the country is governed by the.
Advertising , Broadcasting , Mass media 1870 Words | 5 Pages
Adulteration of Western Culture in the Pakistani Society
Westernization in Pakistan In this Essay course I would like to argue that ‘the Western Culture’ has adulterated too much in our Pakistani culture. In some cases, it has been fruitful for our culture but in others it has rather worsened the scenario. Although, there are many fields in which such an adulteration has taken place but in my essay I have focused on some of the key aspects, for example, media, language, dress-code and education. Beginning with the definition of culture: Culture (Latin.
Benjamin Lee Whorf , Culture , Edward Sapir 1331 Words | 4 Pages
exported from – Jahane Rumi Export date: Thu Nov 18 17:11:12 2010 / +0000 GMT Saadat Hasan Manto- Writer of Stark Realities (Courtesy Iftikhar Chaudri) Saadat Hassan Manto (May 11, 1912 ? January 18, 1955) was a Pakistani Urdu short story writer, most known for his Urdu short stories , ‘Bu’ (Odour), ‘Khol Do’ (Open It), ‘Thanda Gosht’ (Cold Meat), and his magnum opus, Toba Tek Singh’. Unfortunately having spent life on both sides of the border he was portrayed as an Indian writer in Pakistan.
Fiction , India , Indian subcontinent 1675 Words | 5 Pages
Argumentative Essay Social responsibility is an ideal topic for debate; there have been mixed results for companies and individuals who have pursued social responsibility. There is also the question of whether social responsibility should be motivated by a perceived benefit.This type of essay is based on philosophical theories on the necessity of social responsibility backed up with facts about previous social responsibility efforts. For example, an essay could be about how giving support to disaster.
Essay , Essays , Qualitative research 555 Words | 3 Pages
Bankers Adda How to write Essay in SBI PO Exam? Dear readers, as you know that SBI PO 2014 Paper will also contain a Descriptive Test of 50 marks (1 hour duration), which will consist of English Language Comprehension, Short Précis, Letter Writing & Essay). So, here we are presenting you "How to write Essay?" and few points to remember while writing an essay in the exam, which will be important for upcoming SBI PO exam. How to write an essay? 1. Analyze the prompt. Note exactly what.
Essay , Jawaharlal Nehru , Linguistics 812 Words | 4 Pages
disquisition, monograph; More 2. formal an attempt or effort. "a misjudged essay" synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, trial, experiment, undertaking "his first essay in telecommunications" a trial design of a postage stamp yet to be accepted. verbformal verb: essay; 3rd person present: essays; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying eˈsā/ 1. attempt or try. "essay a smile" Origin late 15th century (as a verb in the sense ‘test the.
Definition , Essay , Gerund 608 Words | 4 Pages
probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in any class. An essay is a literary composition that expresses a certain idea, claim, or concept and backs it up with supporting statements. It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and a conclusion (summary of statements and support). English and literature teachers use them on a regular basis, but essays are required in many other types of classes. Essay exams are also a.
Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages
BM 6105 Assignment BM 6105 Managing Change Assignment (3000 words) Essay Due on Monday 14th of January 2013 You are required to write an essay supported with reference to the academic literature that answers the following question: • You have recently been appointed to your first management post following graduation. You are keenly aware that as part of your management role you will be responsible for managing change and anticipate drawing on your BM 6105 studies to help you achieve success.
Essay , Management , Organization 690 Words | 3 Pages
Semester 1, 2013 Assessment Task 2:Critical Essay IDEAS in MANAGEMENT Writing instructions and Marking Rubric This assessment task is an ESSAY. The RMIT College of Business requires you to use a particular style of essay writing which involves both the way the essay is structured and the way that you acknowledge other people’s ideas used in your work. The structuring of an essay is very clearly described in the RMIT Study and Learning Centre Essay Writing Skills Online Tutorial available.
Article , Citation , Critical thinking 807 Words | 3 Pages
their motivation was will determine if their act was moral or not. By betraying his own kin Momutu decided to give up his humanity, while on the other hand, Amoo gave up his own freedom to protect his family. Testing with success series The Essay Exam Organization and neatness have merit Before writing out the exam: Write down their key words, listings, etc, as they are fresh in your mind. Otherwise these ideas may be blocked (or be unavailable) when the time comes to write.
African slave trade , Answer , Atlantic slave trade 857 Words | 4 Pages
such strategies as scanning, skimming, main ideas, contextual clues and inferences. Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of this subject, student will be able to: 1. write summaries as well as process, comparison-contrast and cause-effect essays 2. apply basic grammatical concepts in writing 3. answer questions based on academic texts 4. give oral presentations Textbook: 1. Daise, D., Norloff, C., and Carne, P., (2011). Q: Skills for Success 4 : Reading and Writing Oxford University.
Cambridge , Essay , Latin 401 Words | 3 Pages
Centre for Language Study Pre-Sessional Course A 2013 WRITING TASK 4: Assessed Essay WRITING TASK 4 is your assessed essay and you will need to write an essay of 1200-1400 words. This is the same length as the essay in WRITING TASK 3. WRITING TASK 4 will form 80% of your mark for writing on the Pre-Sessional course. Please select a title from the list here: 1. Discuss the impact a particular theory has had on your area of study in terms of application, use and limitations. 2. Explain the problems.
Citation , Essay , Marketing 1150 Words | 4 Pages
Key Factor Cultural Analysis of Karachi
opinion, there will be no attitude formation and change. Language Predominantly, Urdu is widely spoken and understood in Karachi but the ethnic groups have their own languages and dialects. Language Distribution Urdu 46% Punjabi 11% Pashto 10% Sindhi 5% Balochi 4% Saraiki 2% Others* 9% *Others Marwari Memoni Brahvi Makrani Burushaski Persian Bengali Hindko Within the language of Urdu, several dialects could be heard in different parts of Karachi. The dialect spoken by.
Ethnic group , Ethnic groups in Pakistan , Karachi 829 Words | 5 Pages
HISTORY PROJECT MUNSHI PREMCHAND Munshi Premchand (Urdu: منشی پریم چند, Hindi: मुंशी प्रेमचंद, pronounced [mʊnʃi preːm t͡ʃənd̪] ( listen)) (July 31, 1880 – October 8, 1936) was an Indian writer famous for his modern Hindustani literature. He is one of the most celebrated writers of the Indian subcontinent, and is regarded as one of the foremost Hindustani writers of the early twentieth century. Born Dhanpat Rai Srivastav, he began writing under the pen name "Nawab Rai", but subsequently.
Fiction , Hindi , Hindustani language 1574 Words | 5 Pages
Name: Andrew Gordon Subject: Exp201, Professor Morales Summary Assignment Forerunners Sei Shonagon: Hateful Things Essay question: Consider Sei Shonagon’s definition of the word ‘hate’ in the Heian era. Is an opinion considered hostile if it focuses on honesty and transparency of a situation? “Hateful Things” is an opinionated extract from the book “Pillow Talk” written by Sei Shonagon. Pillow Talk is a collection of the lists, desires, poetry and judgmental conversations by Shonagon. Sei.
Essay , Heian period , Japan 1371 Words | 4 Pages
trying to know everyone in the class. After that here comes the big turn, homework and writing essays. I have never written an essay in my life while I was living in India. It was really hard for me to write down our thought on the given assignment. My English is not good and grammar is worse. I was really afraid of writing, I didn’t want to tell anyone. I missed my first essay due date and even second essay due date. After some days Mrs. Danielo called me in her office during office hours. She told.
Academic term , College , Essay 1524 Words | 4 Pages
symbols which can be understood and manipulated by someone who is culturally literate. Second, being literate can mean "having knowledge or competence." For example, we speak of people being computer literate or politically literate. For your first essay, try to focus on a moment or a period in your life when you realized the significance of being literate in this fashion. Did you have trouble using a computer to register for classes? Did you fit into a subculture because you learned to speak its.
Essay , Knowledge , Literacy 1120 Words | 4 Pages
stories, news articles, and especially essays begin with good hooks because a writer is often judged within the first few sentences. Just as the news tries to stimulate our fears by announcing a “danger in our water supply,” a writer must try to bring the reader from his or her world into the world of the essay. This is done with a few choice words at the beginning of the essay: the infamous hook. It is not easy to think of how to make someone want to read an essay about a novel. It’s not even easy to.
Essay , Good and evil , Human 609 Words | 3 Pages
Role of Language and Script in Raising the Religious Revivalism in Colonial Punjab Ayesha Tabbasum
communities in pr-parathion India. The Urdu language had developed as a common language among all the communities and was, in the absence of a common religion the North-western Provinces and various part other parts of the subcontinent. I.H.Qureshi, History of the Pakistan,(BCC& Press Karachi, university of karachi2006) 807. Language Controversy between Urdu and Hindi Although it was religion which was the key defining feature of Muslim identity, the Urdu language was an important symbol. For.
Delhi , Hindi , Hindustani language 1594 Words | 5 Pages
Two Nation Theory
status because of the modern education POLITICAL DIFFERENCES The political differences between the Hindus and Muslims have played an important role in the evolution of Two Nation Theory. (i) Hindi Urdu Controversy In 1867, Hindus demanded that Urdu should be written in Hindi Script instead of Urdu Script. This created another gap between Hindus and Muslims. (ii) Congress Attitude The Indian national Congress was founded in 1885. It claimed to represent all communities of India but oppressed all.
Delhi , Hindi , Hindustani language 945 Words | 14 Pages
Differences between Pakistanis and Indians
(sub-branches: 75% Indo-Aryan and 24% Iranian), a branch of Indo-European family of languages. All languages of Pakistan are written in the Perso-Arabic script, with significant vocabulary derived from Arabic and Persian. Punjabi, Seraiki, Sindhi, Pashto, Urdu, Balochi, Kashmiri, etc. are the languages spoken in Pakistan. About 69% of languages spoken in India are Indo-Iranian (sub-branch: Indo-Aryan), 26% are Dravidian, and 5% are Sino-Tibetan and Austro-Asiatic, all unrelated/distinct family of languages.
India , Indus River , Pakistan 1224 Words | 5 Pages
native accent. She also knew that she would be the only Swiss in her school. This is an example of how some people struggle through adapting to a different country with a different culture. Elmaz Abinader’s ‘Just Off Main Street’ and Rasma Haidri’s ‘Urdu, My Love Song’ tell us about having different cultural identities since their childhood. In both their narrations, they convey some of their own experience in several elements of cultural identities, such as language, food, religion/traditions, and.
Arabic language , Culture , Iraq 1119 Words | 3 Pages
Acheivement of Gupta Empire in India
ended 1858; they were very influential to the Indian Subcontinent. This specific empire contributed: unique architecture, Urdu language, and a well developed society. The Urdu began to dominate the society but Persian was the official language.” The specialized vocabulary being retained from Persian, Arabic and Turkic; the new dialect was eventually given its own name of Urdu”. Under the Mughal Empire the civilization drastically improved due to creation of road system and a uniform currency. The.
British Empire , History of India , India 793 Words | 3 Pages
munshi premchand Munshi Premchand THE PHARAOHS OF URDU* Mr. Niyaz Fatehpuri is a prominent Urdu journalist; in other words, he possesses a God-given talent for writing inflammatory words. Further, despite his nationalist claims, he is breathtakingly bold when it comes to expressing communal sentiments of the most extreme kind. When these two qualities come together in an individual, can there be any doubt about his success as a journalist? He delights the government on the one hand, and.
Delhi , Hindi , Hindi languages 1984 Words | 5 Pages
Sir Syed Ahmed Khan’s Educational Works
see the miserable condition of the Muslims everywhere. He decided to devote his full efforts for the welfare of the Muslims. The first need was the removal of mistrust about the Muslims from the minds of British rulers. For this purpose he wrote – Essay on the causes of Indian Revolt in which he proved that there were many factors which led to the uprising of 1857 and that only the Muslims were not to be held responsible for it. In addition he wrote “Loyal Muhammadans of India” in which too he defended.
Aligarh Muslim University , British Empire , Indian Rebellion of 1857 1010 Words | 3 Pages
Regional Languages of Pakistan
regional languages, though distinct from each other in their forms, dialects and expressions of thoughts, have several common factors in them. They cultivate in them love, respect and a firm adherence to the Pakistan Ideology. National Language Urdu: Urdu is the national language, and one of two official languages of Pakistan (the other being English). Although only about 8% of Pakistanis speak it as their first language, it is spoken as a second and often third language by nearly all Pakistanis.
Balochistan , Languages of Pakistan , Pakistan 1364 Words | 4 Pages
Deconstructing Psychological Makeup of Premchand
Arayan past’ nor a consequent alienation from the history of the ‘Grand Moghuls’. He wrote with an excellent psychological subtlety. By the time his works started appearing in print, Psychological Novel had been established as a genre and Hindi and Urdu as two languages were no exceptions to entry. Extraordinarily active, he produced countless letters and editorials, fourteen novels and over three hundred stories which bear a testimony to his genius. He drew inspiration from village world which became.
Hindi , Psychology , Urdu 1303 Words | 4 Pages
of. Different people grow up in different areas in the world which has an influence of the language they speak or accent they have. When I was 13 years old, my family and I took a trip to Karachi, Pakistan. This was where I realized that my form of Urdu was not accepted and stood out in the country where my parents grew up. The summer of 2008 was when my family and I decided to take a trip to Karachi, Pakistan. I’ve always wanted to visit my parents’ hometown so I could experience how they grew up.
Debut albums , Karachi , Language 1306 Words | 3 Pages
81.3% of the total population is Hindu, so going to a Muslim Restaurant was a new experience for me. It was a one story restaurant with booths on two sides of the wall and group tables on the middle where group of eight people can sit. The wall had Urdu written picture on the walls of the restaurant. I had vague idea about what to expect. I found this restaurant on internet and decided to have my research here because this was Desi closest restaurant by my apartment. Arrival I arrived at BBQ King.
Barbecue , Islam , Muslim 909 Words | 3 Pages
Mr Naveed Ashraf
tax invoices. Book Keeping of Tax Accounts. Operating Accounting Software. Preparation of Vouchers all Kinds. (Cash , Bank , Journal ) Preparation of Monthly Accounts. Languages IELTS (International English Language Testing System) Arabic, Urdu, Hindi Computer Skills Operating System MS Office Accounting Software Peachtree Networking (not master level) Computer Hardware Internet OBJECTIVE To work in the field where I can get a plenty of chances to utilize and.
Faisalabad , Lahore , Mughal 406 Words | 4 Pages
Jang Brand Audit
regarded as a premium brand in Pakistan with readership coming from a wide variety of socio-economic and demographic readership. It started as a tabloid newspaper in Dehli in 1939 but since Pakistan’s independence has established itself as the premium Urdu newspaper in the Pakistan. The newspaper has presence in all the major cities of Pakistan including Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad, Quetta and Multan. Besides Jang newspaper has strong readership in UK for over three decades now. World Press Trends has.
Brand , Broadsheet , GEO News 1056 Words | 5 Pages
continues to this day. During the medieval period, Muslim literary traditions dominated a large part of Indian literature and saw flourishing of Muslim literature. Muslim rule during the medieval times saw rapid growth and development of Persian and Urdu literature in India. A huge variety of literature spanning across history, culture and politics was written in this period. With the coming of the British in India, works started to be written in English language. As more and more Indians became.
Hindi , India , Indian National Congress 1864 Words | 7 Pages
Model of Cv
Malappuram, Kerala, India Designation: Teaching Job Profile: Teaching subjects in CBSE syllabus for Plus Two, Plus One and Degree students both in Arabic and English languages STRENGTHS * Having excellent command on English, Arabic, Hindi, Urdu and Malayalam languages; written, spoken, translation and correspondence. * Hard working, patient, confident, disciplined, dedicated and result oriented * Honest and sincere nature and having a high sense of responsibility *.
Arabic language , Hindustani language , India 534 Words | 3 Pages
Soc 120 Prejudice and Discrimination Article
officially, more than 1,500 languages and dialects are spoken. The Indian constitution recognizes 15 regional languages (Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu).” India. (2011). The Religion is very diverse in India also, but also has a dominating religion which is Hinduism. “About 80% of the population is Hindu, and 14% is Muslim.” India. (2011). This discrimination takes place in the caste system. India.
Caste system in India , Discrimination , Ethnic group 1350 Words | 4 Pages
(Sunni 77%, Shi’a 20%), Christian, Hindu, and other (inc. Sikh) 3% Language in Pakistan Urdu is the only official language of Pakistan. Although English is generally used instead of Urdu in this regard. English is the lingua franca of the Pakistani elite and most of the government ministries. Urdu is closely related to Hindi but is written in an extended Arabic alphabet rather than in Devanagari. Urdu also has more loans from Arabic and Persian than Hindi has. Many other languages are spoken.
Etiquette , Family , Pakistan 1667 Words | 7 Pages
Segmentation in India
Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9% note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya.
Bourgeoisie , India , Indo-Aryan languages 448 Words | 3 Pages
Turmoil and the Ensuing Stories of Saadat Hasan Manto
traditional sub-continental men, Manto is chiefly remembered as the literary exponent of the Partition and its accompanying horrors. Manto during his career, published 22 collections of stories, seven collections of radio plays, three collections of essays, and a novella. The most representative stories are those that pick up the disturbing overt acts as well as undercurrents of the Partition which, to Manto, was not a celebrative or epiphany inducing event but an overwhelming tragedy stories such as.
British Raj , India , Indian independence movement 2727 Words | 7 Pages
Impact of Islam and Muslims in India
all the art forms, architecture and urban design, and social customs and values. Conversely, the languages of the Muslim invaders were modified by contact with local languages, to Urdu, which uses the Arabic script. This language was also known as Hindustani, an umbrella term used for the vernacular terminology of Urdu as well as Hindi, both major languages in the Indian subcontinent today. Muslim rule saw a greater urbanization of India and the rise of many cities and their urban cultures. The.
India , Islam , Mughal Empire 973 Words | 3 Pages
Impact of Islam
Conversely, the languages of the Muslim invaders were modified by contact with local languages, to Urdu, which uses the Arabic script. The Farsi language was introduced in the sub-continent by the Muslims. At the time of the Mughal, Farsi became the official language in the whole sub-continent. Even the Hindus used this language for communication. By the interaction of these languages new languages like Urdu and Hindi emerged In the rule of Delhi Sultans, there are constructions which are designed.
Hinduism , India , Islam 1282 Words | 5 Pages
Education Is the Key to Success but.
based on unequal lines. Medium of education is different in both, public and private sectors. This creates a sort of disparity among people, dividing them into two segments. One division is on the basis of English medium language while the other is Urdu medium language. Secondly, regional disparity is also a major cause. The schools in Balochistan (The Largest Provice Of Pakistan By Area) are not that much groomed as that of Punjab (The Largest Provice Of Pakistan By Population). In FATA, the literacy.
Education , Education policy , Higher education 1469 Words | 4 Pages
Bibliography • Siddique, Muhammad Abdullah, International relations, evernew book palace Urdu Bazar Lahore. • Amin, shahid Mulkhammad, Pakistanh foreign policy a reappraisal , oxford University Press, 2007. Sheikh, khalid Mahmud foreign policy of Pakistan, puhblishers Emparium 22-Urdu Bazar Lahore, 2004, • Ahmad Zmushtaq foreign policy of Pakistan options, Royal book company Karachi Pakistan, 1995. • Shah, Mehtab Ali the foreign policy of Pakistan I.B tauris London New.
Ayub Khan , History of Pakistan , International relations 1563 Words | 7 Pages
Essays are generally scholarly pieces of writing written from an author’s personal point of view, but the definition is vague, overlapping with those of an article, a pamphlet and a short story. Essays can consist of a number of elements, including: literary criticism, political manifestos, learned arguments, observations of daily life, recollections, and reflections of the author. Almost all modern essays are written in prose, but works in verse have been dubbed essays (e.g. Alexander Pope’s.
Alexander Pope , Essay , Essays 1053 Words | 4 Pages
southern Rajasthan region. West and Central Asia The languages of Persia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Northern India also form a dialect continuum of Indo-Aryan languages from Persian in the west slowly emerging as Baluchi then Sindhi, Punjabi and Urdu. Most of these languages developed due to extensive intermixing of the populations of the areas as the various Persian and Indian kingdoms exerted their influences in these areas. Other languages such as Pushto and Seraiki can also be included in this.
Chinese language , Dialect , Dialect continuum 1136 Words | 4 Pages
Contrasting Cultures: Spain and Pakistan
great influence on culture in Spain when compared to Pakistan, even though there are dominant religions and minor religions in both countries. The factor which makes a person known is the language they speak. Both countries have different languages, Urdu being the national language of Pakistan and Castilian Spanish being the dominant language of Spain. However the similarity of languages in both countries is that the other languages spoken in the country are based on the region. For example, In Pakistan.
Iran , Islam , Islamic republic 1329 Words | 3 Pages
with six major and over fifty-nine small languages. However, the languages of the domains of power—government, corporate sector, media, education, etc. English and Urdu. The state’s policies have favored these two languages at the expense of others. This has resulted in the expression of ethnic identity through languages other than Urdu. It has also resulted in English having become a symbol of the upper class, sophistication and power. The less powerful indigenous languages of Pakistan are becoming.
Culture , Islam , Pakistan 966 Words | 4 Pages
how it works.” Media According to the Dawn Group’s report ‘Media Facts: Pakistan’, the country’s media sector is growing 132 % per year. There are currently approximately 116 radio channels, notably FM-100, FM-101, FM-103, FM-106.2 and FM-107 in Urdu, and FM-89, FM-91 and FM-96 in English. There are more than 100 local TV channels including GEO News, GEO Entertainment, Aaj, Express News, Express 24/7, DawnNews, Dunya TV, Hum TV, TV1, News1, Metro One, Waqt and Indus. Pakistan’s press is among.
Advertising , GEO News , Geo TV 864 Words | 3 Pages
without another thought he’d translated that SMS “YOU ARE INVITED IN MY BOOKS CERMONY”. In order to deal with English one of my friend Mr Shahid got a amazing way out, its so simple the logic is that if you don’t know full English no problem put Urdu to complete your sentence with full satisfaction, when he received SMS while having food he would repli like this "PLEASE IS TIME NOT DISTRUB,IM KHAYING MY FOOD. One day he liked a girl on F.B, he wrote a message to that girl “I WANT TO SHADI WITH.
Arabic language , English language , Pakistan 1053 Words | 3 Pages
were the Arabs followed by the Turks, the Pashtuns and the Moghuls. However, Arab influence remained relatively limited in comparison to that of the Turks, Pashtuns and Moghuls, who brought in much cultural influence and contributed to the birth of Urdu, a syncretic language of combined Indo-Persian heritage, which is widely spoken today. Ethnic Englishmen and other Britons are now practically absent after their two centuries long colonial presence, although they have left an imprint of western culture.