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American History Essay

American History: Slavery

Slavery (APA) American History “Slavery” (Order #A2094863) Question #1 In the first half of the 19th century the Untied States quickly expanded westward, but as the country grew the expansion of slavery became a hotly contended issue. Those states that already allowed slavery, mostly the South, wanted to expand the institution into newly established territories and states, while non-slave states in the North wanted to curtail it. In response, a series of compromises were reached in Congress where…

Essay about American History

How did American society change in the two decades after the First World War? World War I was a catalyst of the great depression. U.S. attempted to rebuild for approximately four years after World War I. Due to the casualties of the war, the workforce was lacking. The repayment of wartime debts became tough for the people. They’re significant huge increase unemployment. Thus, parents were having significant problems feeding and clothing their families. Because of the lack of money there, were…

The Hypocrisy of Teaching American History Essays

The Hypocrisy of Teaching American History Reading, writing and arithmetic, these three subjects are the basic outline for American schools. In those subjects, where does history fit in? Some believe that teachers avoid history because of how corrupt America has been. James W. Loewen, author of Lies My Teacher Told Me, says, “Parents may feel undermined when children get tools of information not available to adults and use them in ways that seem to threaten adult-held values.” (Loewen 296.) The…

3.01 American History

categorized as isolationism, intervention, or imperialism. In a second paragraph, explain the reason for the U.S course of action in each event. The United States annexes Hawaii in 1900. At first missionaries and whalers were the first americans to settle in hawaii, and then american settlers started growing sugar to sell to the states. Eventually hawaii became a favored nation that allowed them to import without tariff. 15 years later in exchange for a renewal of that deal the US established a naval base…

American History Assignment

American History Pick either New England or the South. How does this region change or not change (in terms of economics, politics, social structure, and culture) in the period from 1600 to 1750? In the South the economics shifted drastically from an impoverished agrarian culture to one that that relied increasingly on cotton and tobacco in the Chesapeake region, rice in the Carolinas and sugar experts as far south as the Caribbean. These three crops where of strategic significance to the economy…

History of the American Mafia Essay

History of the American Mafia Imagine living in a world where crime ruled. A world where gangsters were more powerful than politicians, owned the police, and ran the city in whatever way they felt. They robbed whom they wanted and killed when they didn’t get their way. Now stop imagining and realize that this happened here in the United States of America in the 1920’s. It was run by an organization made up mainly of Italians called the Mafia. The word Mafia itself has many meanings…

American History: Study Notes

History Questions (Order # A2059769) On June 17, 1972 police arrested five men in connection to a break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate building in Washington, DC. Because of the scandal that resulted, there were a number of political effects on succeeding presidential administrations. One of the most significant outcomes of Watergate scandal was the defining of an obscure presidential power: executive privilege. Because of the existence of a secret campaign…

Essay on Asian American History

significantly reduced within “melting pot”, in which people gradually understand the differences between them without aversion. However, back in the past, many Americans conceived of Asians as strangers. They were not willing to understand and embrace the biological and cultural differences that set Asian immigrants apart from Europeans and early Americans. Coolie trade, which brought numerous Asian immigrants to the United States as indentured laborers, resulted in numerous stereotypes of Asian immigrants…

Equality for African Americans: An American History Essay

freedom, liberation, right, and justice means fairness or impartiality for all Americans whether they were, African American, White, Mexican, Indians, Japanese…etc. The government maybe needed to revisit this pledge just to remind them of what our county was built on which is equal opportunity. During this time the county was still divided by races even though the government used some of its power to help African Americans. Combining help from the government, African American’s still struggles for…

Essay on Modern American History

American history, though nowhere near as epic as the history of Europe, is wrought with its own heroes and legendary personalities. The three most important span political, economic, and social borders. In its 300 years, the United States has not seen finer heroes than Benjamin Franklin, Alan Greenspan, and Martin Luther King, Jr. Their contributions in politics, regulation of the US economy, and roles in racial diversity, these legends have no precedent. Benjamin Franklin contributed to the culture…

Essay on Slavery In American History

Proclamation. Just like our textbook—A Short History of the American Nation, ¡°No reform movement of this era was more significant, more ambiguous in character, or more provocative of later historical investigation than the drive to abolish slavery.¡± Abolition Movement was not only meaningful to itself, that is, slavery was abolished and black slaves were freed, but also meaningful to the whole nation, because it exerted much influences on American society and economy. In this paper, I will firstly…

Native Americans History

When asking a child, educated or not, what they ideas are when they hear the term Native American where does they mind venture to? More than likely do they not consider the former House of Representative, Charles D. Curtis or professor pitcher Joba Chamberlain. But they also do not think of a Native American as being an average person, a boy/girl like themselves. What children believe to be Native American are descriptions such as, feather headdresses, tomahawks, and long braided hair or scalped…

American History: a Brief Summary

American life in the twentieth century has been characterized more by continuity than by change. Since the beginning of the republic Americans have defined progress by continuity. Settlers from all over the world came to America looking for the same thing—a new world. Although these newcomers had different ideas and their share of disagreement, for the most part, everyone wanted the same thing. Americans agreed that it was time for a government and it was time to stop immigration and develop…

Racism and American History

created for more than one factor. What eventually led to the creation of racial barriers against working-class African American and Asian was not simply racism but the combinations of racism with other social, political and economic factors. One of the most crucial factors that had contributed to racial barriers was definitely the racism among working class African Americans. The racism is best shown in the Plessy V. Ferguson case established in 1896.[ 100 milestone documents, “U.S. Supreme Court…

American History: Native Americans

Have you ever wondered what it would be like to be Native American during the European invasion? In American history Native Americans were treated unfairly. The American government mistreated the Natives by lying to them and treating them as foreigners. After years of fighting for freedom the Natives did not achieve their goal for freedom. The Trail of Tears, being the most tragic event in American history, was due to the Removal Act in the 1830s, the misguidance of President Andrew Jackson, the…

Prejudice in the Film American History X

one is free from it. In the film, American History X, Derek is a great example of how prejudice someone can be. Derek agrees with the white power movement because he feels victimized and threatened by everyone who is not white, but in prison he learns his stereotypes are full of holes; from the film I learned there is no reason to hate one another based on race or stereotypes. Life is too short to live a life based on hate. Throughout the film, American History X, Derek feels victimized and threatened…

American History: Impact of Globalization on American Life

Globalization impacts every area of American life: from the products we buy to the way we do things. One of the ways globalization affects individual communities is by making those communities more diverse. Globalization makes the migration of people, as well as products and stores, more possible. There are some negative aspects of globalization. For example, globalization makes it more likely that we will see less variety of stores. The proliferation of the same stores in every neighborhood, even…

Guns in American History Essay

have played a big part in American history. The first settlers found an abundant amount of edible game when they came to this continent. Guns were very useful in hunting for food in this vas landscape. Familiarity with a rifle was an essential skill which also helped the Colonist of the new world to defeat the British troops during the Revolutionary War that was fought from 1775-1783. After the Revolutionary War was over, guns became even more important to American history in the taming of the west…

African American History Essay

African American History During my early years of school, I remember being taught white accomplishments and wondering if blacks and other people of color had made any significant contributions to today’s world. I noticed that television consist of all white people. Throughout my research paper I hope to cover certain aspects of African American heritage. Aspects such as blacks making up the largest minority group in the United States, although Mexican-Americans are rapidly changing that…

The History of Mexican Americans Essay

In the Preface of Major Problems in Mexican American History Zaragosa Vargas writes, “Nearly two thirds of Latinos in the United States are of Mexican descent, or Chicanos- a term of self definition that emerged during the 1960’s and early 1970s civil rights movement. Chicanos reside mainly in the Southwest, the Pacific Northwest, and the Midwest. Their history begins in the precolonial Spanish era, and they share a rich mestizo cultural heritage of Spanish, Indian, and African origins. The Chicanos’…

African American History 12

During the years of 1873-1923 was the worse for African American history. After 1877, blacks’ political rights were taken away through many occasions such as: fraud, intimidation, and murder. In 1890, legislators in Mississippi called a constitutional convention, implementing poll taxes, literacy requirements, and banned voting for people convicted of theft, perjury, arson, bribery, and burglary. Whites thought if they could put a limit to the educational achievements of Negroes, they could also…

History of American Medicine Essay

History of American Medicine Final Paper PART I(a) With the creation of Medicare in 1966 in order to expand access for the elderly to the American healthcare system, the ways in which medicine and its corresponding industries were conducted were irrevocably changed. Prior to its inception, only 65% of people over 65 actually had proper health insurance, as the elderly paid three times as much for healthcare as young people (Stevens, 1998). The private medical sector had much more control over…

American History Essay

migrants left Asia going to North America some 30,000 years ago. This was based on the “analysis of the genetic drift of Siberian and American Indian populations. It was believed that North American and Asia were connected by what geologist call Beringa. The hypothesis is that around 13,000 BCE there was a warming that melted glaciers that created the Pan American Highway, “along the eastern front range of the Rocky Mountains” (Faragher, Buhle, Czitrom, & Armitage, 2009, p. 4). Using this access…

Questions and Answers: American History

Q1. The Indian Removal Act of 1830 forced tens of thousands of Native Americans to move from their homelands in the South and East to less desirable lands in the West. Was this Congressional act justified? Why or why not? The Indian Removal Act of 1830 is considered a ‘black mark’ upon American history. Whenever America attempts to take a moral high road and criticize another nation’s human rights record, the Trail of Tears is invoked, as well as the removal of the Creeks and the Lower Creeks from…

Early American History Essay

Early American History Unity within colonies was extremely strong because it was assembled in a primal urge for survival. The colonists were in this entirely new land, so it was natural they would stick together to the familiar, and therefore build strong bonds and loyalty to their colony. Exclusion also excellently describes early America because of the way colonies expelled their own people if they did not follow the colony’s strict ‘rules’ of life. The primary source documents; “City upon a…

American History X Essay

American History X Will racism ever come to an end or will its path go on infinitely? For the most part, the majority of people respect those who are different either in color, race, and/or heritage; however, there are those few that hold bigoted views towards people who are different than they are. The movie American History X by Tony Kaye displays an example of people who hold bigoted views. Derek, a Neo-Nazi leader, must contend with his actions relating to his past racist views and actions…

African American History Essay

off to slavery, and when I cried out with my mother’s grief, none but Jesus heard me! And ain’t I a woman?

SOURCE: Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony, and Matilda J. Gage, eds., History of Woman Suffrage (Rochester NY: Susan B. Anthony, 1887). We also have recorded documentation that corroborates such as the likes of Benjamin Drew, Narratives of An Escaped Slave [Mrs. Nancy Howard] tells her story how she was treated………

Essay on Racism in American History X

American History X is clearly a film dealing with racism. The interesting thing about this film is the way in which the subject is treated. First of all, it is obvious that, though racism is always a difficult subject to deal with, American History X presents it without any reservations or dumming down. Second, the film’s figurehead for racism, Derek Vinyard (Edward Norton), is not an unintelligent redneck racist as films often portray them, but is in fact well-spoken, charismatic and intelligent…

Essay Interpretations of American History

Interpretations of American History The world is full of rich culture, diversity and experiences unique to each individual. When determining the validity of historic accounts we must factor in that particular historian’s point of view, which should be characterized by ethnicity, idealogy, theoretical or methodological preference. With these factors views of the past often vary from person to person. In this essay I will be discussing the four different stages that shaped the writing of American history over the…

History of American Journalism Essay

Humans, it seems, have an innate need to feel connected on a global level with one another. Our history as a civilization shows the importance that we have placed on sending and retrieving the latest news so that we may be ever informed on the happenings of the world. Beginning at first with the sending of messages of news to each other through conversations to the press explosion that Gutenberg set off with the invention of his printing press, people remained connected. The idea of public in the…

Native American History Essay

shaped our understanding and perception of Native American culture. From Disney to literature has given the picture of the “blood thirsty savage” of the beginning colonialism in the new world to the “Noble Savage,” a trait painted by non-native the West (Landsman and Lewis 184) and this has influenced many non native perceptions. What many outsiders do not see is the struggle Native American have on day to day bases. Each generation of Native American is on a struggle to keep their traditions alive…

African American History

Garvey captured the interest of many black Americans when he emphasized black nationalism and black separatism (White et. al. 2012). In 1966, former leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), Stokely Carmichael, echoed Garvey’s philosophy when he coined the term “Black Power” at a rally in Mississippi (Brown 2014). Introduced as an oratorical tool, black power urged race pride and race unity to inspire militancy among black Americans. It was founded on the belief that black survival…

The History of American Christians

they were still involved in the broader American culture, committed to shaping public policy and welcome in political life. But as time continued, evangelicals started to create their own subculture, no longer involving themselves in politics and the rest of the American culture. By mid to late 20th century, evangelicals saw that the nation was becoming further way from God and it was affecting them. They sought to partly reinsert themselves in the American culture and politics and found they were…

American History: A Revolution in the Colonies

about the political freedom than economic issues. This was a political turmoil that took place between 1775 to 1783; 13 British colonies joined together to liberate themselves from the British Empire and unite to from the United States of America (American Revolutionary War, 2011). It began with the rejection of the Parliament of the Great Britain, which lacked their representation, as governing body from overseas, then followed sending away all the royal officials and representatives and consequent…

American History: The Prohibition Era

“The Noble Experiment” “Prohibition seemed to offer the promise of a great cure-all for poverty, corruption, and crime” -Bill Severn In American history prohibition was a time in which the transportation, sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages was prohibited. Prohibition lasted approximately thirteen years serving from 1920 until 1933. The US banned sale of liquor with an alcohol content greater than 2.75%. Andrew Volstead was…

American History Exam

became outraged at the unfairness of these Acts, coining the phrase “Taxation without Representation” which is still famous to this day. These Acts are some of the first major steps leading up to the American Revolution, starting with the Sons and Daughters of Liberty, and the beginnings of Independent American government, shown with the Albany Congress in response to the Royal Proclamation of 1763.They mainly influence my future vocation by introducing the dependency upon coffee. This introduced a highly…

Essay about American History

us into a better understanding of American history. Taking a look back at Unit 1, we were able to learn reasons that lead up to the American Revolution and how life became different throughout the country. When we first discuss American history, we must always recognize the contributions Native Americans made before this country was re-discovered. Afore America became this go to place where people could escape for a better life, it was home to many Native American cultures and families in which already…

The History of Native Americans Essay

resources to meet their needs, that is why some decided to immigrate to the United States seeking freedom and the opportunity for economical improvements; but this search for improvement, among other things, only brought suffering and death to Native American tribes. In the United States, Indian groups were willing to live with the newcomers until relations were strained by the continuing immigration to its territory, loss of resources, diseases and among other. Certainly, there were cultural…

History of American Consumerism

The concept of free-market played an essential role in making American people in the 1960s believe that it is important for them to fight communism through any means possible. Consumerism had reached a point where it had become indispensable and the benefits that it brought along made it difficult and virtually impossible for the community to express interest in economic systems other than capitalism. One of the principal reasons why the Cold War occurred relates to the West’s obsession with materialism…

The Significance of the Frontier in American History

How does Turner explain the recurring need for communication and transportation along the American frontier? What Turner wants to point out here is that the American West is the most important feature of American history, and of the development of its society. He refers several times to a process of “Americanization” and we will see that the definition he gives of it is a very peculiar one. He gives a definition of the frontier: “it lies at the hither edge of free land”, meaning that he considers…

The Influence of Jerry Garcia on American History

The Influence of Jerry Garcia on American History The vocalist and guitarist of the Grateful Dead, Jerry Garcia was one of the most influential musicians of the twentieth century, impacting both the musical and cultural realms. Jerry Garcia was fated to become one of America’s most influential people ever since he was born into Jose Garcia’s household. During his childhood, Jerry Garcia lived in an environment that fueled his musical development and experienced many events that pushed him closer…

American History Quiz

conclusion that the American army was foolish to rebel against the British: “the British army was the best trained, best equipped, and most professional army in the world. The Royal Navy was, at the time of the American Revolution, the undisputed ruler of the High Seas” (Tubbs 2009). In contrast, “the American army was poorly supplied, insufficiently trained (initially), and inconsistently paid” and the colonies lacked a centralized government at the time (Tubbs 2009). However, the American army had the…

History of American Poetry

its beginning, American poetry was extremely influenced by its European roots. This is evidenced by the fact that the first colonists were English, who also brought along their poetic styles and patterns. These European traits set the standard for the genesis of American poetry, which will later we further developed and adapted by Walt Whitman and Emily Dickinson, who are now considered to be the first great American poets. Because of the strong ties to European poetry, American poets wanted to…

American History Essays

American History It is important to be proud of who you are and where you have come from. After watching the film American History X, whites are far from proud. We are ashamed to admit that people just like us can act in such a horrible and disillusioned way toward those that are different. As you watch, you see scenes of brutal violence, hear songs of hate and feel the pain of all involved. These acts show the viewers how easily young minds can be influenced to believe anything. Teachers…

African American History Essay

Slavery began in the late 16th century to early 18th century. Africans were brought to American colonies by white masters to come and work on their plantations in the South. They were treated harshly with no payments for all their hard work. In addition, they lived under harsh living conditions, and this led to their resistance against these harsh conditions. The racism towards the African Americans who were slaves was at its extreme as they did not have any rights; no civil nor political rights…

The History of American Freedom Essay

The American Ideological Consensus is that “…the American people have shared much of the same ideals, the same basic principles, and the same patterns of belief” (McClenaghan 104). When America filled itself with ideologically homogenous people, their beliefs started to define our nation and became American identities. If asked what they think of America, peoples of other nations would say that the roads are made of glass, opportunity is in the air, and civil rights are plentiful. These accounts…

American Jewish History Essay

The study of history and historical writings is called historiography; American Jewish history is one form to study about the past of the American Jews. Jacob Rader Marcus and Hasia R. Diner are two historians who broke down American Jewish historiography according to their point of views. In “The Periodization of American Jewish History,” Marcus focuses on four periods of American Jewish history. On the other hand, in “The Study of American Jewish History: in the Academy, in the Community,” Diner…

The Film American History X

The film American History X begins with an average American middle-class family; four well-behaved children and two all-American parents living in Long Beach, California. The father is killed in a shooting, leaving his eldest son, Derek, the head of the household. Derek becomes enveloped in Neo-Nazi culture from the end of his adolescent years into early adulthood, and he becomes the leader of a gang. At this point, his younger brother, Danny, is an adolescent and begins mimicking his older brother’s…

The History of American Literature

The history of American Literature starts well before this land was even called America. It has been a great evolution to come from tribal symbols and drawings to today’s Stephen King and Danielle Steele. Literature has gone through many phases and was impacted by great events and ideas in American history. The earliest form of literature in what would one day be known as America were far from what modern day people would consider “Literature”. The Natives who inhabited this land first had unwritten…

American History Essay

United States, 2006: a nation with a history of a mere 230 years, yet it stands as one of the most powerful nations in the world. Yet many of us know little about the history and cultural changes that led to the birth of this nation. We only know the bits and pieces that are taught as we sit daydreaming in our fifth grade classroom. The Puritans, the Pilgrims, Christopher Columbus, the Mayflower, we know about these people and things, yet what aspects of their lives created the change in America…

AP US History Essay Question Database

The two documents below both list hundreds of AP US History essay questions. The first document includes all of the real AP US History exam essay questions from 2001 to 2017. The questions are listed chronologically. The database also links each question to a corresponding chapter in The American Pageant, 13th edition.

The second document includes all of the questions in the 1st database, plus essay questions from AP exam review books, as well as some real exam questions from before 2001. The questions are listed chronologically, and linked to corresponding chapters in The American Pageant 13th edition. The source of each question is provided.

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AP U.S. History Long Essay Example Essay

The long essay question on the AP U.S. History exam is designed to test your ability to apply knowledge of history in a complex, analytic manner. In other words, you are expected to treat history and historical questions as a historian would. This process is called historiography— the skills and strategies historians use to analyze and interpret historical evidence to reach a conclusion. Thus, when writing an effective essay, you must be able to write a strong and clearly developed thesis and supply a substantial amount of relevant evidence to support your thesis.

Look at the question below and formulate a response. You can do this by making bullet points or, to get the test day experience, time yourself for 35 minutes and write! After the question, there are two sample essays that would receive a perfect scores. Check your essay against them to see if you got many of the same key points. Remember the four steps: dissect the question, formulate a thesis, plan your evidence, and write your essay.

Long Answer Sample Question

The reform movements of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century focused primarily on the effects of the accelerating Industrial Revolution, especially its impact on the natural environment.” Support, modify, or refute the preceding interpretation using at least two reform movements and one environmental issue from the period 1880–1920 as evidence.

Sample Essay 1

While a number of the most important reform movements of the late 19th and early 20th centuries grew out of efforts to combat the negative effects of industrialization, the main focus of their efforts was not the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the natural environment. Although some reformers, such as Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot, were deeply worried about the consequences of economic development on the natural environment, the most influential, most effective reformers were primarily concerned with the impact of the rise of big business on small businesses, industrial workers, and consumers, and with corruption in government that reformers believed resulted from the economic power of large corporations.

Farmers were upset at what they regarded as arbitrary and excessive railroad rates and abuses such as rebates to big business like Standard Oil. These farmers were among the first and most outspoken advocates of reform in the late 19th century. Pressure from the Farmers’ Alliances convinced Congress to pass and President Cleveland to sign the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, a piece of legislation designed to regulate railroad rates and prohibit corrupt practices such as rebates. By 1890, these Farmers’ Alliances had entered politics in a number of Southern and Midwestern states and succeeded in pressuring Congress to pass the Sherman Antitrust Act, outlawing all “combinations in restraint of trade.” By 1892, a national People’s Party had been organized, nominating a third-party presidential candidate and electing several members of Congress. The Populist movement, a reform movement attempting to combat the negative effects of industrialization and the rise of big business, was now in full swing.

Beginning at the state level and with strong support in many urban areas, a new progressive movement reached the national level during the first years of the 20th century. Supported by President Theodore Roosevelt, progressive reformers, like the Populists, sought to strengthen railroad regulation and both enforce and further strengthen the antitrust laws. In 1902, President Roosevelt not only forced mine owners to submit to arbitration to settle a nationwide coal strike, he also asked his attorney general to file an antitrust suit against the Northern Securities Company, a large railroad holding company. After the Supreme Court upheld a lower court decision to break up the Northern Securities Company in 1904, Roosevelt went on to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Commission’s ability to regulate railroad rates by pushing the Hepburn Act through Congress in 1906. A few years later, another progressive reformer, Woodrow Wilson, succeeded to the presidency, and he managed to further strengthen the antitrust laws by pushing the Clayton Antitrust Act through Congress in 1914.

While railroad regulation and antitrust actions attracted the most attention of reformers during the period 1880–1920, some efforts were made by reformers to mitigate the effects of industrialization and commercial expansion on the natural environment. President Roosevelt used his executive authority to put thousands of acres of public lands aside for national parks, saving them from commercial exploitation. In 1908, he convened a conservation conference at the White House in an effort to further mitigate the damage that mining and manufacturing were doing to the natural environment, especially in the West. President Roosevelt also pushed for the establishment of the forest service and appointed a conservation-minded ally, Gifford Pinchot, to head that agency. Finally, even after retiring from office, Roosevelt supported Pinchot in his efforts to prevent President Taft’s secretary of the interior, Richard Ballinger, from opening additional public lands to commercial exploitation.

Thus, both the populist and progressive movements sought to combat the negative effects of industrialization and economic expansion by focusing primarily on railroad regulation and the strengthening and enforcement of antitrust legislation. Nevertheless, some progressive reformers like Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot did pay significant attention to preventing further damage to the natural environment and helped to found the modern conservation movement.

This thesis statement establishes a clear argument that addresses all parts of the question and makes a clear argument, earning one point. It does a nice job of demonstrating that at least two reform movements were not just aimed at the effects of the Industrial Revolution, but also at the

impact on small business, workers, and consumers, as well as corruption in government. Through its clear thesis, the essay is also able to address the targeted skill of causation by dealing with the causes and effects of the events mentioned in the question, for which it earns both of the possible points.

In its body paragraphs, the essay also does a very good job of identifying and using specific evidence to support its argument. It cites the Farmers’ Alliances and their role in pushing for the Interstate Commerce Act and Sherman Antitrust Act. In addition, the essay uses a lot of pertinent information from the presidency of Theodore Roosevelt to support the thesis statement and also addresses how there were some reforms that dealt with the natural environment, i.e., national parks and the forest service. These examples also address the targeted skill by showing the cause and effect of these events in relation to the reform movements, earning two more points.

You also are able to meet the last point by applying the skill of synthesis. You modified the statement in developing your argument and employed the use of other categories. This essay scores a 6 out of a possible 6 points.

Sample Essay 2

Both the so-called “Market Revolution” and the most influential reform movements of the period 1815–1860 took place throughout the United States, not just in New England, and at least some leading merchants and industrialists were enthusiastic supporters of reform. It is true that New England was home to a substantial number of reformers, especially several important leaders of the abolitionist movement, such as William

Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips. It is also true that the two most influential reform movements, the temperance and abolitionist movements, were not primarily concerned with the effects of the Market Revolution. Yet the spread of the Market Revolution did significantly increase the number of employers who supported the temperance movement, if for no other reason than to try to ensure that their employees came to work sober and ready to do their jobs.

Although there were numerous reform movements founded during the period 1815– 1860, from the New York Female Moral Reform Society to the Lowell Female Labor Reform Association to the Woman’s suffrage movement, the two largest and most influential reform movements were the temperance movement, initiated by the American Temperance Society, and the abolitionist movement, first organized effectively in the American Anti-Slavery Society. Both the American Temperance Society and the New England Anti-Slavery Society, the precursor of the American Anti-Slavery Society, began in New England. The American Anti-Slavery Society was founded in Philadelphia. These organizations quickly spread throughout the country, opening hundreds of local chapters. Among the most important, most dedicated leaders of the abolitionist movement were the New York brothers Arthur and Lewis Tappan, wealthy merchants who gave strong financial support to the anti-slavery movement.

While some reformers such as the Tappan brothers and Robert Owen, the founder of a utopian community at New Lanark, Indiana, were successful merchants and industrialists, a much larger number of prominent reformers, including most of the leaders of the temperance and abolitionist movements, were motivated primarily by their religious beliefs. This was certainly true of Reverend Lyman Beecher, one of the founders of the American Temperance Society and a leading abolitionist; Charles Grandison Finney, an evangelist

and leading anti-slavery advocate; and Finney’s disciple, Theodore Dwight Weld, a leading abolitionist and husband of prominent female anti-slavery speaker, Angelina Grimke. And, of these four famous reformers, only Beecher was a New Englander.

Thus, although New England was home to a substantial number of reformers during the antebellum period, it was only one of a number of centers of reform. Like the so-called Market Revolution, reform movements flourished throughout the nation during these years, and while some merchants and industrialists were leading reformers, the largest number of prominent reformers appear to have been motivated by religious beliefs rather than a desire to combat any of the evils attributed by contemporaries to the Market Revolution.

This thesis statement establishes a clear argument that addresses all parts of the question and makes a clear argument, earning the point for thesis. The essay does a good job arguing that reform was taking place throughout the United States and that some industrialists supported it and some reform was affected by the Market Revolution. The argument also addresses the targeted skill of causation by dealing with the causes and effects of the events mentioned in the question, earning two points.

The essay uses specific evidence to support the argument, which earns the 2 possible points. For example, it points out that the Anti-Slavery Society and Temperance Society were not just limited to New England and that some of the important leaders were merchants. You also identify reformers such as Charles Finney and use these examples to support arguments that some reformers were affected more by their beliefs than by the Market Revolution. These examples also address the targeted skill by showing the cause and effect of these events on merchants and reformers in relation to the reform movements.

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