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Water Conservation Essay

The global consequences of using so much water are that globally we are in a water crisis. The demand for water is always a necessity and as population increases the need for water increases. The lack of safe drinking water and sanitation varies from country to country. “More than one out of six people lack access to safe drinking water, namely 1.1 billion people, and more than two out of six people lack adequate sanitation, namely 2.6 billion people. 2900 children die every day from water borne diseases”. (Council, 2009) Not only is there a crisis with consumption of water for people but also it is critical that humans reduce the amount of water they use for industrial and agricultural development in order not to effect the aquatic ecosystems and their species. “Water covers almost 70 percent of the surface of the globe and is the Earth’s most abundant resource. About 97 percent of the water is the oceans and is too salty for drinking, growing crops, and most other human resources”. (Frederick, 2004)

Since globally there is a water crisis, it is important to conserve as much water as possible every day. Not only understanding how I

Drinking Water Scarcity and Conservation Essay

to concentrate on the more mundane matters of clean drinking water and clean air. Unfortunately, while our nation’s attention seems fully consumed with the whereabouts of terrorists, water and air continues to be overused and/or contaminated. In reflecting on this odd state of affairs, we begin to understand how easily it is for us to forget about one of the basic necessities of humanity — clean drinking water. Considering that water constitutes about 60 percent of our body weight, it is not surprising…

Water Conservation in the world

(UNESCO), in 2020 we will be facing a major water crisis worldwide. Water is a renewable, but limited resource. It can be recycled but not replaced. Consumption of global water has increased drastically since 1990, and many countries are reaching their limit of water supply (“The Global Water Situation”). World Bank reports that at least 80 countries now have a water shortage. It’s expected to get worse due to two significant problems that will effect our global water stability, population growth and groundwater…

Water Conservation

WATER Conservation INTRODUCTION: Water is essential for life on earth. Water is needed for growing food, keeping ourselves clean, generating power, controlling fire and most importantly to stay alive! This list is simply non-ending. This shows that water is an integral part of our daily life and we are heavily dependent on it. Water conservation: Refers to reducing the usage of water and recycling of waste water for different purposes such as cleaning…

Water Conservation

Water Use and Conservation Report Thesis This report will firstly present and express the importance of water before going about expounding the various ways in which water is being used. It will go on to demonstrate the lack of accessibility alongside the vulnerability of the resource and explaining how it would lead to water shortage on the basis of factors affecting the globe currently. Moreover, an elaboration will be made on the different water conservation techniques made by organisations along…

Water Conservation Essay

without is water. Water is extremely vital in the everyday life of everyone in the world from everyday life of drinking, washing clothes, animals, grains, cleaning, and so many other uses that eliminating water would eliminate our species as we all depend on the necessity of water. “The water footprint refers to the volumes of water consumption and pollution that are ‘behind’ your daily consumption”. (Network, 2010) If an average American uses approximately 80-100 gallons of water per day then…

Essay Drinking Water Shortage and Water Conservation

depend on water for survival (Kenneth). No human, animal or plant can survive for long without this essential commodity. For us humans, water is the driving engine of most of our economic and recreational activities. For instance, we depend on water for the production of energy in industries, transportation and outdoor recreation. Most of us equally depend on water for the provision of amenity and cultural values. Barlow and Clarke state that one cannot simply whisk away the crisis of fresh water we have…

Water Resource Conservation in Headwater Area Funded by a City

wood, and other materials for personal and industrial use. On the occasion of the 1991 change in the management plan, Doshi village expressed concerns about the economical decrease, saying that, “We are favorable to the FMP change with respect to water retention and disaster prevention, and we want a plan that will have no negative impact on the livelihood of the villagers working in forestry” (Yamanashi local page of Asahi Newspaper on April 15th, 1993). In response to the change, the YWB Forest…

Drinking Water Scarcity and Conservation Essay

most essential needs for survival, water along with other resources has become the victim of his indifference.” — Rachel Carson — The water you see around you, flowing freely, sparkling in the noonday sun, quenching your thirst, bathing you, providing you with life is all limited – there is no place on this planet where new water springs up from a source. Water has been recycled by nature over and over again since time began. Our drinking water at one time or another was way up high…

Water Conservation

WATER CONSERVATION INTRODUCTION: Water is essential for life on earth. Water is needed for growing food, keeping ourselves clean, generating power, controlling fire and most importantly to stay alive! This list is simply non-ending. This shows that water is an integral part of our daily life and we are heavily dependent on it. Water conservation – Refers to reducing the usage of water and recycling of waste water for different purposes such as cleaning, manufacturing, and agricultural irrigation…

Water Conservation and the Drought in America Essay

As we all know, water is essential for mankind’s survival. However, people seem to believe that our water supply is endless since there is more water than land on this Earth. Water regenerates and is redistributed through evaporation, making it seem endlessly renewable. So why worry? Actually, only one percent of the world’s water has the capability of being used by us. About ninety-seven percent is salty seawater, and two percent is frozen in glaciers and polar ice caps. That only…

Save Water Essay

Save water is an initiative to promote water conservation among people in order to maintain the presence of clean water on the earth in future. Clean water scarcity has become one of the big problems in India and other countries all over the world affecting people’s lives in many ways. This big problem cannot be solved alone or only a group of some people, it is the problem which needs global efforts of people together. We have provided various essay on save water under different words limit to help students during their exam times or essay writing competitions. You can select any save water essay given below according to your need and requirement.

Essay on Save Water

Save Water Essay 1 (100 words)

Save water is the water conservation for solving the problems of water scarcity in the future. In many regions of the India and other countries there is much shortage of water and people have to go for long distance to get drinking and cooking water to fulfill daily routine. On the other hand, people are wasting more water than their daily need in the regions of sufficient water. All of us need to understand the importance of water and problems related to lack of water in the future. We should not waste and contaminate useful water in our life and promote water saving and conservation among people.

Save Water Essay 2 (150 words)

Water is the most precious gift to the humanity by the nature. Life on the earth is possible only because of water. Three-fourth surface of the earth is covered by the water even after people are suffering from water scarcity in many regions of the India and other countries. Difficulties faced by the people in various regions because of water scarcity teach us to conserve and save water in order to protect the water environment, save life and save world.

Water is the most essential source of life on the earth as we need water in every walk of life like drinking, cooking, bathing, washing, growing crops, plants, etc. We should save water for proper supply of water to future generations without contaminating it. We should stop misusing water, manage water usage properly, and maintain the quality of water.

Save Water Essay 3 (200 words)

Water is the precious gift to our life on the earth from the God. According to the availability of the water on earth we can understand the importance of water in our lives. Everything on the earth need water like human beings, animals, trees, plants, insects, and other living things. Balance of water on the earth goes through the process like raining and evaporation. Three-fourth surface of the earth is surrounded by the water however, contains very less percentage of the clean water means fit for human use. So, the problem is with the scarcity of clean water which may end the life here.

Clean water is very essential component of life, so we need to conserve water for the future safety. If we save water; we save life and save whole world on the earth. Water is called as the universal solvent so it is a key component ensures quality of lives. We should join our hands together and take a pledge of using water according to need only without contaminating it. We should save our water from the water pollution by inhibiting the mixing of industrial wastes and other wastes into the water. There should be proper waste management system which must be followed by everyone.

Save Water Essay 4 (250 words)

It is very clear to everyone that water is very necessary for life existence on the earth. Our each and every activity for the life survival is related to the need of water. We are surrounded by the huge water bodies (around three-fourth of the Earth’s surface) on the earth, even after, we are facing water scarcity problem in many regions of India and other countries; because around 97% of the total water on the earth is salt water present in oceans, which is totally not fit for the human consumption. Fresh water is available on the earth only 3% per cent of the total water (of which 70% as ice sheets and glaciers and only 1% is available as clean drinking water means fit for human use).

So, we all must understand the importance of clean water on the earth and try our best to not involve in the water wastage instead involve in saving it. We should save our clean water from the contamination and getting polluted from the waste materials of industries, sewage, toxic chemicals and other wastes. The main reason of water scarcity and clean water contamination is the ever increasing population and rapid industrialization and urbanization. Due to the clean water scarcity, people cannot fulfill their basic needs in the near future. In some of the Indian states (like Rajasthan and some parts of Gujarat) women and girls have to cover long distances to get drinking water. According to the recent study, it has been found that around 25% of the urban population does not have access to the fresh water. We need to join hands together to deal with the clean water scarcity through various best and most suitable methods by making the motto of “Save water, save life, save the world”.

Save Water Essay 5 (300 words)

Save water or conservation of water has been very essential to maintain the existence of life on the earth because no life is possible without water. Water helps in the continuity of life cycle on the earth as an exception in the whole universe as earth is only known planet having water and life. Water is our need throughout the life so only we are responsible to save it. According to the conducted by United Nation, it is found that girls in the Rajasthan do not go to school as they have to go long distances to get water which eats their whole day so they do not get time for other purposes.

According to the survey by the National Crime Records Bureau, it is recorded that around 16,632 farmers (2,369 women) finished their lives through suicide, however, 14.4% cases was because of drought. So we can say that water scarcity is also the reason of illiteracy, suicide, fights and other social issues in India and other developing countries. In such regions of water scarcity, the new generation children are not achieving their basic right to education and right to live happily.

As a responsible citizen of India, we should make ourselves aware about all the problems of water scarcity so that we all may take a pledge and join hands together for water conservation. There is a true saying that a small effort of everyone can give a big result just like many drops of water form a huge water body like pond, river and sea. We do not need to make extra efforts for water conservation, we only need to bring some positive changes in our daily activities like ensure the tight closing of the tap after every use, use of bucket and mug while washing anything or bathing instead of using shower or pipe. A little effort from the end of millions of people can give a big positive result towards the save water campaign.

Save Water Essay 6 (400 words)

Save water is the water conservation through various means on the earth in order to balance life here.

By estimating the very less percentage of safe and drinking water on the earth, water conservation or save water campaign has been compulsory for every one of us. Large water bodies are getting polluted on daily basis by the industrial waste materials. Proper water management systems should be promoted by the builders in all industrial buildings, apartments, school, hospitals, etc to bring more efficiency in the water saving. Awareness programmes should be run to let common people know about the potential problems caused by the drinking or normal water scarcity. There is urgent need to eradicate the people’s attitude about water wastage.

Rainwater harvesting should be initiated by the people at village level. Rain water can be saved by making small or big ponds with proper maintenance. Young students need to be more aware and concentrate on the issues and solutions. Water insecurity and scarcity has affected people’s living in many countries of the developing world. According to the statistics, people’s demand for the water has been six fold in the past century. 40 per cent of the global population is living in the areas of demand outstrips supply. And in the coming decades this situation can be worsened because everything will expand like population, agriculture, industries, etc.

I have mentioned below some better ways to save water on daily basis:

  • People should water their lawn and garden only when they need water.
  • Sprinkling is better on the plants than putting more water with pipe which can save more gallons of water per month.
  • Planting drought resistant plants is better way to save water.
  • Leaky faucets and plumbing joints should be fixed properly to save water leakage which may save around 20 gallons of water per day.
  • Use of bucket and mug is good to wash car instead of using pipe which may save up to 150 gallons of water each time.
  • Use of flow restrictors to the showers also saves more water.
  • Use of fully loaded washing machines and dishwashers saves around 300 to 800 gallons per month.
  • Restricting the use of more water per toilet helps in saving more water per day.
  • We should wash fruits and vegetables in the water filled pot instead of washing under the running water.
  • Rain water harvesting is good idea for the purposes like use in toilet, watering garden, etc so that clean water can be saved for drinking and cooking purposes.

Save Water Essay 7 (1000 words)

As we all know that water gives life to us and other living things on the earth. It is very essential to continue life on the earth and other planets. Without water, we cannot imagine the existence of life on any planet. Earth is the only known planet having water and life till date. So, we should not ignore the importance of water in our life and try our best to save water using every possible means. The earth is covered with around 71% water however with less amount of drinking water. The normal cycle of water balance runs naturally like evaporation and raining. However, the problem is with the saving of safe and drinking on the earth which is available in very less amount. Water conservation is possible with the good habits of the human beings.

Why we should Save Water

In order to know the answer of why we should save water, first we should know the importance of water means how the water is valuable to us in our life. Life is not possible without oxygen, water and food. But most importantly water is most precious in all the three essentials of life. The question is how much pure water we have on the earth.

According to the statistics, it has been estimated that less than 1% of the water on the earth is suitable for drinking. If we estimate the ratio of drinking water and total population of the world, it would be, more than a billion of people all across the world are surviving on 1 gallon of water per day. It has also been estimated that around or more than 3 billion of people would suffer water shortages by 2025.

People have started understanding the value of clean water however not trying completely to save water. Save water is good habit and every one of us should try their best to save water for the continuation of life here. Some years ago, no one was selling water on the shop however time has been changed now a lot and we can see the pure water bottles availability on the shop everywhere. Earlier, people were shocked by seeing water selling on the shop however now, they are ready to buy pure water bottle worth 20 rupees or more for their good health. We can clearly imagine that, in the near future there would be much shortage of clean water all over the world. Below, I have mentioned some facts which let us know that how valuable the clean water is:

  • Number of people who are getting die because of water related diseases is more than 4 million.
  • Developing countries are highly suffering from the diseases caused by the dirty water and lack of clean water.
  • Preparing one day newspaper consumes around 300 liters of water, so other means of news distribution should be promoted.
  • Every 15 seconds a small child is dieing of water born diseases.
  • People all across the world had started using bottled water worth $60-$80 billion per year.
  • People in the rural villages of India, Africa and Asia have to go for long (around 3.7 miles) in order to get drinking water.
  • People in India highly suffer various water born diseases which cost the economy of India to a great extent.

I have discussed below some nice ways of saving water without any change in the lifestyle. One person of the home consumes around 240 lt of water per day in the household activities. A small nuclear family with four members consumes around 960 lt of water every day and around 350400 Lt per year. Only 3% of the total water consumption is used for drinking and cooking on daily basis and rest of the water usage in other works like watering plants, toilet, bathing, laundry, showering, etc. Some of the water saving tricks are:

  • Everyone should understand the individual responsibility and try to save water from the daily consumption other than drinking and cooking purposes.
  • If everyone of us slightly save water from the watering garden, flushing toilet, cleaning purposes, etc, there could be more water saving per day.
  • We should save rain water for the purposes like toilet flushing, laundry, watering garden, showering, etc.
  • We should save water while using sink, toilet, shower, etc.
  • We should make rainwater harvesting to use for purposes other than drinking and cooking.
  • We should wash clothes in the washing machine only when it has clothes to its total capacity. In this way, we can save around 4500 liters of water as well as electricity per month.
  • We should use bucket while taking bath by avoiding shower which saves around 150-200 liters of water every day.
  • We should turn off all the taps tightly after every use which saves more than 200 liters of water every month.
  • Everyone should promote playing dry and safe holi to lessen the massive use of water during holi festival.
  • We should be aware about the news of people struggling daily for a drop of water for their survival in order to save us from water wastage.
  • We should promote the programmes related to the water conservation in order to spread awareness.
  • Do not waste more water in the cooler during summer season and use only when required.
  • We should not waste water by sprinkling on the lawn, house or street.
  • Promote tree plantation during rainy season so that they can get water naturally.
  • We should make habit of washing hands, fruits and vegetables in a pan of water or using mug instead of washing under running water.
  • We should avoid watering plants during noon time especially from 11 am to 4 pm as they get evaporated. It is good to water plants in the early morning or evening so that plants may consume properly.
  • We should promote planting trees which are drought-tolerant.
  • We should encourage our family members, children, friends, neighbors and co-workers to do the same from their end to get the positive result.

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Water conservation essay

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Water conservation essay is the paper dedicated to the urgent problem of the contemporary world about the necessity and possible ways of water protection. The importance of the essay is explained by the increase of the amount of consumed water due to the growth of population, household activity and infrastructure, and climate changes.

Start your essay with hooks that can grab your reader’s attention and add the supporting details to your essay and make some quotations related to the topic and lastly make the best conclusion.

Begin your essay with an introduction where you can write about the topic in brief. Include the subtopics which you are going to write about in the essay body. Do not elaborate the points in the introduction. You just need to write the overview of the essay. Now here in water conservation as a topic, write what is water conservation and name the methods which you can adopt for water conservation. You can explain about it in the body of the essay.

In the body of an essay, start explaining each points which you have mentioned in the introduction. Give a brief description about water and its uses. Also the importance of water conservation in everybody's life. Start explaining the methods such as rain water harvesting, Less usage of water, Different techniques to lower the usage of water etc. In this way you need to write the body of the essay. Do not forget to write the essay body in paragraphs. Write the Methods and techniques in points which can make the reader clear and understandable.

Now comes the final step of an essay, that is, conclusion part. Here in this section you need to summarize the topic with limited no of words. Do not include the new sentence in the conclusion. Always conclude your essay from the body of the essay. Give a message to the readers in the conclusion.

Water Conservation Essay

Water Conservation

‘ Water! Water! Water! ‘: These are the words of a person dying from thirst, which me or you might be hearing or even crying it out aloud in the near future, because human being’s most serious problem and dilemma in the 21st century might not be war or hunger or disease or the collapse of civic order, it may be the lack of Fresh Water, according to a United Nation’s (UNESCO) report.

At present 1.1 billion people lack access to clean water, while 2.4 billion lack access to proper sanitation, nearly all of them in the developing countries. Faced with “disinterest at the leadership level and a world population not fully aware of the magnitude of the problem”, the global water crisis will reach astonishing colossal levels in the years ahead.

Although water is the commonest substance on earth, only 2.53 per cent of it is fresh, while the rest is salt water. And of the freshwater, two thirds is in the form of glaciers and permanent snow cover. What is available, in lakes, rivers, aquifers (ground water) and rainfall run-off, is now increasingly coming under strain from urban areas, industries in the developed world, and agriculture in the developing world which is responsible for 70 % of all the water use in the world.

Pollution from industries, agriculture and urban areas such as cities and towns, adds another severe pressure on fresh water supply. About two million tons of wastes are dumped every day into rivers, lakes and streams, with one liter of waste water sufficient enough to pollute about eight liters of fresh water.

The worst and direct effects of fresh water scarcity will without a doubt be on health. Water-borne illnesses, such as stomach infections like diarrhea, are caused by drinking polluted/contaminated water; vector-borne diseases, such as malaria and schistosomiasis, are passed on by the mosquitoes and small snails that need water to breed. The majority of the victims of these diseases are children aged under five.

The world’s ever increasing demand for fresh water is also causing increasing environmental stress; the watercourse flows of about 60 per cent of the world’s largest rivers have been interrupted by dams and, of the creatures associated with inland waters, 24 per cent of mammals and 12 per cent of birds are threatened with extinction. Of the 10 per cent of freshwater fish species that have been studied in detail by scientists, about a third of these are thought to be threatened.

But the one positive message the UN report strikes is on the issue of the likelihood of “water wars”. It says: “While water scarcity will intensify conflicts between states, there is little evidence to suggest that these situations will explode into fully fledged water wars.” But still, many people believe that a World War 3 will be fought for water.

Koichiro Matsuura, the director general of UNESCO said “Of all the social and natural crises we humans face, the water crisis is the one that lies at the heart of our survival and that of our planet Earth.” With this quote in mind, we should immediately take swift and drastic measures to protect our limited water supply and in order to do this; we should make ‘Water Conservation’ as our number one priority.

Water conservation is the rational and careful use of water resources.

Water Conservation is the protection, development and efficient management of water resources for beneficial purposes.

1. Water Conservation in Agriculture

Water is a very precious resource, especially to farmers. If there isn’t a constant supply of water, farmers cannot grow the quantity or quality of crops that consumers need, want and deserve. Failure to use it efficiently, and the productivity of the livestock they own, is put in danger.

Fortunately, many farmers around the world are becoming more concerned about their water use. They are beginning to make great efforts to conserve and use water resources properly and thus benefiting: their businesses, society and most importantly, the environment. Here are some methods of conserving water in agriculture:

Soil Moisture Conservation

Soil moisture conservation is a type of water conservation in which all water and rainfall is conserved where it falls, and no runoff is permitted. Soil conservation is achieved at the same time. Soil moisture conservation measures include:

1. Evaporation of water from soil surfaces can be effectively reduced by the use of mulches using crop stovers or residues, plastics or easy breakable (friable) topsoil, laid down on the surface of the soil and along rows. This practice is very important for water and soil conservation as well as for organic matter preservation. These mulches protect soil structure by reducing the action of raindrops on soils, and thus prevent runoff and erosion. Mulching also decreases evaporation, and improves soil moisture retention capacity and therefore, soil water content. Soil productivity and crop yield are also increased.

2. Physically (manually or mechanically) breaking up the plough layer, also known as tillage, can be used for surface soil management for improving the infiltration rate of rainwater, thus conserving soil water content/moisture . Tilling also helps in controlling soil pests and weed, which are brought up to the surface and then killed by radiation from the sun and/or predators. This therefore reduces the need for pesticide use which usually is an agronomic practice that requires fairly large quantities of water.

3. Planting in small depressions known as planting pits is a practice common in arid areas. These pits conserve and concentrate both water and nutrients.

1. Using Management strategies that involve monitoring soil and water conditions and collecting information on water use and efficiency. The information helps in making decisions about scheduling applications or improving the efficiency of the irrigation system. The methods include measuring rainfall, determining soil moisture, checking pumping plant efficiency, and scheduling irrigation.

2. Implementing System modifications that require making changes to an existing irrigation system or replacing an existing system with a new one. This method is very expensive but very effective. Typical system modifications include: adding drop tubes to a center pivot system, retrofitting a well with a smaller pump, installing surge irrigation, or constructing a tailwater recovery system (Kromm and White, 1990).

3. Irrigating with reused or recycled water. Water reuse is the use of wastewater or reclaimed water from one application for another application while, Water recycling is the reuse of water for the same application for which it was originally intended.

4. Implementing behavioral practices that involve changing water use habits to achieve more efficient use of water. Behavioral practices for agricultural water users can be applied to irrigation application rates and timing e.g. the careful choice of irrigation application rates and timing can help farmers to maintain high/normal yields with less water.

2. Water Conservation in Homes

Are we using more water in our homes than we thought? The answer lies in our monthly water bill. We could save a lot of water and money by following these water conservation tips:

1. Never pour water down the drain when there may be another use for it such as watering a plant or garden, or for cleaning around your home.

2. Repair dripping taps by replacing washers. If your taps is dripping at a rate of one drop per second, you can expect to waste 2,700 gallons per year. This adds to the cost of water and sewer utilities and adds to your water bill.

3. Fit all household taps by installing aerators with flow restrictors to slow the flow of water.

4. Check for toilet tank leaks by adding food coloring to the tank. If the toilet is leaking, color will appear in the toilet bowl within 30 minutes. Check the toilet for worn out, corroded or bent parts. Most replacement parts are inexpensive, readily available and easily installed.

5. Take shorter showers. Replace your showerhead with an ultra-low-flow version.

6. Place a bucket in the shower to catch excess water and use this to water plants. The same technique can be used when washing dishes or vegetables in the sink.

8. When washing dishes by hand, fill one sink or basin with soapy water. Quickly rinse under a slow-moving stream from the tap.

9. If you have a tank at home, check your pump periodically. Listen to hear if the pump kicks on and off while water is not being used. If it does, you have a leak.

10. Avoid flushing the toilet unnecessarily. Dispose of tissues, insects and other similar waste in the trash rather than the toilet.

11. When washing the car, use soap and water from a bucket. Use a hose with a shut-off nozzle for the final rinse.

12. Adjust sprinklers so only the lawn is watered and not the house, sidewalk, or street. Do not water on windy days. Check and maintain your sprinkler system regularly. A heavy rain means you don’t have to water at all. Teach the family how to turn off an automatic sprinkler system in case a storm comes up during the sprinkling cycle.

13. Minimize grass areas in your yard because less grass means less water demand.

3. Water Conservation in Industries

Water is essential to our health and also to the health of our economy. As a major user of this precious resource, industry has an important responsibility to practice water conservation.

Industries can realize many benefits from the practice of water conservation. By reducing their use of water, industries can protect the environment and gain a competitive edge by reducing their own cost of doing business. Water conservation measures in industries are carried out in steps:

Setting up a water conservation program

A Water Resource coordinator/manager should be appointed, to develop, implement and supervise a water conservation program. This coordinator/manager should firstly:

Raise employee awareness of the importance of water conservation

Seek ideas from employees on water conservation

Surveying the plant operations

Secondly, the manager should:

Find areas in the plant where water is wasted or could be reused

Find the capacity of each water-containing unit and frequency of emptying

Find the capacity of continuous discharge not yet being reused

Find out the flow rates in floor gutters and whether they are sufficient to prevent the accumulation of solids

Use the information he or she has gained to develop plans to increase water reuse

Study the feasibility of installing cooling towers

Evaluate the potential for screening and disinfecting reclaimed water to increase the number of times it can be reused

Ways to increase efficiency

Thirdly, the manager should:

Determine whether discharges from any one operation can be substituted for fresh water supplied to another operation

Choose conveying systems that use water efficiently

Make sure that, waste materials are handled in a dry state if possible

Supervise the replacement of worn-out equipment with water-saving models

Instruct employees to use hoses sparingly and only when necessary

Instruct employees to turn off all flows during shutdowns unless flows are essential for cleanup e.g. using solenoid valves to stop the flow of water when production stops

Fourthly, the manager should identify Practices/Processes where water can be reused:

First rinses in wash cycles

Can shredder, bottle crusher

Filter back flush

Refrigeration equipment – defrost

Equipment cleaning, floor and gutter wash

Lastly, the manager should:

Instruct employees in charge of cleaning not to hose down the floors but to sweep and shovel instead

Make an inventory of all cleaning equipment, such as hoses, in the plant and determine how often equipment is used and whether it is water-efficient

Supervise the occasional washing of cars, trucks and bus fleets.

Instruct employees not to use water to clean driveways, loading docks, parking areas or sidewalks but instead use sweepers and vacuums

Supervise the designing of landscapes that require less water

4. Water Conservation in Large Cities

As the population of humans increases, so does the cities. A bigger city means more use of

Water, but unfortunately the supply of this precious commodity is small. Therefore cities

Should implement water conservation methods and policies, which include:

Rainwater harvesting is done by collecting rainwater on the roofs of buildings and using it immediately or storing it in water tanks for later use. Has many benefits that include: it is environmentally friendly, increases water availability and prevents soil erosion and flooding in urban areas.

1. Reporting all significant water losses (broken pipes, open hydrants, errant sprinklers, abandoned free-flowing wells, etc.) to the property owner, or the local authorities.

2. Encouraging schools and the local government to help develop and promote a water conservation ethic among children and adults.

3. Supporting projects that will lead to an increased use of reclaimed waste water for irrigation and other uses.

4. Supporting the efforts and programs that create a concern for water conservation for everyone in the city.

5. Encouraging friends and neighbors to be part of a water-conscious community. Promote water conservation in community newsletters, and on bulletin boards.

The Water Conservation measures implemented by Homes, Large Cities, Agriculture and Industries shows that each one of us has an obligation as a human being and citizen of Earth to conserve our water resources. Water Conservation, together with Overcoming Food and Environmental Security, can enable us to achieve Sustainable Development.

4. Living in the environment, G. Tyler Miller Jr, 12th Edition, Brooks/Cole-Thomson Learning, 2002.pp 312-314

University/College: University of Chicago

Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter

Date: 24 July 2016

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