See, first, Writing Introductory Paragraphs for different ways of getting your reader involved in your essay. The introductory paragraph should also include the thesis statement, a kind of mini-outline for the paper: it tells the reader what the essay is about. The last sentence of this paragraph must also contain a transitional “hook” which moves the reader to the first paragraph of the body of the paper.
Body — First paragraph:
The first paragraph of the body should contain the strongest argument, most significant example, cleverest illustration, or an obvious beginning point. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the “reverse hook” which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the introductory paragraph. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the second paragraph of the body.
Body — Second paragraph:
The second paragraph of the body should contain the second strongest argument, second most significant example, second cleverest illustration, or an obvious follow up the first paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the first paragraph of the body. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the third paragraph of the body.
Body — Third paragraph:
The third paragraph of the body should contain the weakest argument, weakest example, weakest illustration, or an obvious follow up to the second paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the second paragraph. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional concluding hook that signals the reader that this is the final major point being made in this paper. This hook also leads into the last, or concluding, paragraph.
This paragraph should include the following:
- an allusion to the pattern used in the introductory paragraph,
- a restatement of the thesis statement, using some of the original language or language that “echoes” the original language. (The restatement, however, must not be a duplicate thesis statement.)
- a summary of the three main points from the body of the paper.
- a final statement that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end. (This final statement may be a “call to action” in an persuasive paper.)
How to Write a 5 Paragraph Essay
The 5 paragraph essay is considered to be the standard essay writing assignment. It is used in most exams such as TOEFL, IELTS, and the SAT. Since most of these exams limit the student time-wise in the "Writing" section, students are trained to memorize this format. This allows the student to answer the exam prompt quickly and efficiently. The format’s plasticity allows students to experiment with various essay styles. Persuasive, Argumentative, Expository, Narrative and Cause and Effect can all adapt to this format. As a result, perfecting the 5 paragraph essay is a practice that can turn a rookie into an experienced essay writer.
Good Example Topics
- Can one learn a life lesson from an experience that they didn’t have? Can you learn from other people’s mistakes?
- Is animal testing ethical?
- Should same-sex marriage be allowed?
- Should laws on gun-control be more strict?
- Should the death penalty be abolished completely?
- Should marijuana be legalized?
- Should education be free for all students?
The paper topics listed above are some of the most common topics students write essays about. Of course, they are not limited to only these. Before choosing a topic and start the writing process, students should look to come up with a catchy title. The reason for doing so is centered around grabbing the readers attention right from the get go.
This type of essay has a very specific outline; It starts with an Introduction, goes to Body Paragraph 1, Body Paragraph 2, Body Paragraph 3, and sums things up with a Conclusion. Each body paragraph serves a specific purpose, and the essay is in the form of a keyhole. This means that it starts out very BROAD, gets more NARROW and finishes out BROAD.
Introduction: 3-5 Sentences
- The introduction sets the structure for the rest of the essay, with the first sentence being the HOOK sentence.
- The Hook Sentence is kind of like the spark to a flame; It grabs the reader’s attention.
- The Hook is usually either a rhetorical question or some life example or a stunning fact
For Example: If your essay is about the preservation of our environment, you could say something like: "Do we want to live on a planet where we are surrounded by desert and wasteland?"
This is a rhetorical question, meaning it does not need an answer because it is obvious.
Brief Introduction of Supporting Arguments (1-3)
Here you are taking your supporting arguments and briefly introducing them to the reader without revealing too much information.
Tip: Think of it as a trailer for a movie, like it should be exciting but can’t give away the “PLOT”.
Example: Preservation of our environment is one of the keys to keeping our planet in a healthy state.
- The most important part of your entire essay; this is your argument .
- This statement will be the basis for the rest of your custom essay
- Since we are talking about nature preservation, an example of a good thesis would be:
- “The preservation of our planet is the most important aspect of keeping Mother Nature in check and avoiding draconian disasters.”
Quick Tip: if you find that your body paragraphs have nothing to do with your thesis, you can go back and change the thesis.
Body Paragraphs 1,2,3 (5-7 Sentences)
- This is the “meat” of your 5 paragraph essay, where you explain the side you are defending (Thesis Sentence)
- Structure of the body paragraphs is usually: Intro sentence (1), Supporting Argument
- Explanation (3-5), Concluding Sentence (1)
- Intro sentence should briefly bring out your argument without revealing too much information
- Example: Deforestation and air pollution not only hurt’s the planet but reduces air quality and increases the likelihood of disease!
- Supporting Argument and Explanation: This is taking the topic and going into detail, while still most importantly DEFENDING YOUR THESIS!
- Example: Greed and selfishness are big players that damage our environment with methods that kill our trees and worsen our air. Though short term it may be profitable for the few, long-term it is hazardous for all. In Beijing for example, the air quality is so poor that it is mandatory to wear masks just for its large population to walk around in the streets.
- The Concluding Sentence should be the opposite of the intro: instead of introducing your argument, you are briefly concluding your argument, transitioning into your next one.
- Example: To conclude, the destruction of our natural resources and our air quality not only worsens the planet’s health, but humanity’s as well.
THE FORMAT FOR ALL 3 BODY PARAGRAPHS IS THE SAME
- The arguments should go in this order:
- First body paragraph should be your second strongest argument
- Second body should be your weakest argument
- Third body should be your strongest argument
To give our readers a nice keyhole format visual, we have a picture of a standard Graphic Organizer below.
Conclusion (3-5 Sentences): This is the “mirror” of your intro
- Restating Your Thesis (Sentence 1): You take your main argument (thesis) and restate it in a conclusive way. You are paraphrasing it in an assertive manner to show that you have “proved your point.”
- Example: The safety and survival of the Earth are incredibly dependent upon how we as people decide to treat it, and the more carefully we nourish the process, the more beneficial it will be for all.
- Concluding your supporting arguments (1-3 Sentences): This is taking your supporting arguments (your body paragraphs) and rephrasing the main points you made in one sentence per paragraph.
- If some of your supporting arguments are similar then you can combine them into one sentence to keep the good structure.
- So for example, if one of your supporting arguments was about limiting the use of resources, you could say “Limiting the use of our natural resources and improving their efficiency are key steps in improving the health of our planet.”
Concluding Hook Sentence (Optional)
A good way to end an essay is something unexpected, to surprise the reader.
Create a second hook, but this time it should be a hook that SUMS things up in a few words, rhetorical questions are good for this.
Example: “The health of our planet is of great importance, and after all, we don’t want to live in a wasteland do we?”
This gives the 5 paragraph essay some spice at the end and makes the reader question your statement.
General Grading Rubric
Several schools and universities worldwide use several different types of rubrics, but one of the most standard rubric styles is the 5 point style, where it is broken down into 5 segments: Focus, Organization, Conventions, Style, and Content.
- Focus: Did the writer spends his time proving his thesis? Did he accomplish his goal?
- Organization: Was the essay readable? Were the transitions between paragraphs smooth? Did the writer follow the proper outline format and not diverge from the set structure?
- Conventions: Did the writer make many grammatical mistakes? Did they have run on sentences?
- Style: Did the writer use high-level vocabulary, were words rarely repeated, how creative were his sentence structures?
- Content: Did the writer properly prove his argument? Were his statements logical and factual? Did he create strong arguments?
Essay Writing Advice From Our Professional Writers
A five paragraph essay is the first big writing assignment that your teacher will have you do in middle school! If you’re a beginner essayist, then my tip for you is to learn how to ensure that each paragraph has its own unique idea. Once you’ve mastered that, you can practice making your paragraphs flow into each other with transition sentences. Later on, in high school and college, this will be a very valuable skill to have. Connect your ideas together so your readers can follow along with ease. While writing, always keeps in mind what your next paragraph is about and try to lead up to it. In the first essays that you write, using words like “Firstly, Secondly, and In conclusion” is acceptable, but later on, you will need to find ways to separate your ideas without those linking words. Don’t make them a habit. Good luck with your writing!
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The introductory paragraph should also include the thesis statement, a kind of mini-outline for the essay. This is where the writer grabs the reader’s attention. It tells the reader what the paper is about. The last sentence of this paragraph must also include a transitional “hook” which moves the reader to the first paragraph of the body of the essay.
Body – First paragraph
The first paragraph of the body should include the strongest argument, most significant example, cleverest illustration, or an obvious beginning point. The first sentence should contain the “reverse hook” which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the introductory paragraph. The subject for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This subject should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the second paragraph of the body.
Body – Second paragraph
The second paragraph of the body should include the second strongest argument, second most significant example, second cleverest illustration, or an obvious follow up the first paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should contain the reverse hook, which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the first paragraph of the body. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the third paragraph of the body.
Body – Third paragraph
The third paragraph of the body should include the weakest argument, weakest example, weakest illustration, or an obvious follow up to the second paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should contain the reverse hook, which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the second paragraph. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional concluding hook that signals the reader that this is the final major point being made in this essay. This hook also leads into the concluding paragraph.
The fifth paragraph is the summary paragraph. It is important to restate the thesis and three supporting ideas in an original and powerful way as this is the last chance the writer has to convince the reader of the validity of the information presented.
This paragraph should include the following:
- an allusion to the pattern used in the introductory paragraph,
- a restatement of the thesis statement, using some of the original language or language that “echoes” the original language. (The restatement, however, must not be a duplicate thesis statement.)
- a summary of the three main points from the body of the essay.
- a final statement that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end. (This final statement may be a “call to action” in a persuasive essay.)
1 Stephen King, creator of such stories as Carrie and Pet Sematary, stated that the Edgar Allan Poe stories he read as a child gave him the inspiration and instruction he needed to become the writer that he is. 2 Poe, as does Stephen King, fills the reader’s imagination with the images that he wishes the reader to see, hear, and feel. 3 His use of vivid, concrete visual imagery to present both static and dynamic settings and to describe people is part of his technique. 4 Poe’s short story “The Tell-Tale Heart” is a story about a young man who kills an old man who cares for him, dismembers the corpse, then goes mad when he thinks he hears the old man’s heart beating beneath the floor boards under his feet as he sits and discusses the old man’s absence with the police. 5 In “The Tell-Tale Heart,” a careful reader can observe Poe’s skillful manipulation of the senses.
The introductory paragraph includes a paraphrase of something said by a famous person in order to get the reader’s attention. The second sentence leads up to the thesis statement which is the third sentence. The thesis statement (sentence 3) presents topic of the paper to the reader and provides a mini- outline. The topic is Poe’s use of visual imagery. The mini- outline tells the reader that this paper will present Poe’s use of imagery in three places in his writing: (1) description of static setting; (2) description of dynamic setting; and (3) description of a person. The last sentence of the paragraph uses the words “manipulation” and “senses” as transitional hooks.
1 The sense of sight, the primary sense, is particularly susceptible to manipulation. 2 In “The Tell-Tale Heart,” Poe uses the following image to describe a static scene: “His room was as black as pitch with the thick darkness . . .” Poe used the words “black,” “pitch,” and “thick darkness” not only to show the reader the condition of the old man’s room, but also to make the reader feel the darkness.” 3 “Thick” is a word that is not usually associated with color (darkness), yet in using it, Poe stimulates the reader’s sense of feeling as well as his sense of sight.
In the first sentence of the second paragraph (first paragraph of the body) the words “sense” and “manipulation” are used to hook into the end of the introductory paragraph. The first part of the second sentence provides the topic for this paragraph–imagery in a static scene. Then a quotation from “The Tell-Tale Heart” is presented and briefly discussed. The last sentence of this paragraph uses the expressions “sense of feeling” and “sense of sight” as hooks for leading into the third paragraph
1 Further on in the story, Poe uses a couple of words that cross not only the sense of sight but also the sense of feeling to describe a dynamic scene. 2 The youth in the story has been standing in the open doorway of the old man’s room for a long time, waiting for just the right moment to reveal himself to the old man in order to frighten him. 3 Poe writes: “So I opened it [the lantern opening]–you cannot imagine how stealthily, stealthily–until, at length, a single dim ray, like the thread of the spider, shot from out the crevice and fell full upon the vulture eye.” 4 By using the metaphor of the thread of the spider (which we all know is a creepy creature) and the word “shot,” Poe almost makes the reader gasp, as surely did the old man whose one blind eye the young man describes as “the vulture eye.”
The first sentence of the third paragraph (second paragraph of the body) uses the words “sense of sight” and “sense of feeling” to hook back into the previous paragraph. Note that in the second paragraph “feeling” came first, and in this paragraph “sight” comes first. The first sentence also includes the topic for this paragraph–imagery in a dynamic scene. Again, a quotation is taken from the story, and it is briefly discussed. The last sentence uses the words “one blind eye” which was in the quotation. This expression provides the transitional hook for the last paragraph in the body of the paper.
1 The reader does not know much about what the old man in this story looks like except that he has one blind eye. 2 In the second paragraph of “The Tell-Tale Heart,” Poe establishes the young man’s obsession with that blind eye when he writes: “He had the eye of the vulture–a pale blue eye, with a film over it.” 3 This “vulture eye” is evoked over and over again in the story until the reader becomes as obsessed with it as does the young man. 4 His use of the vivid, concrete word “vulture” establishes a specific image in the mind of the reader that is inescapable.
In the first sentence of the fourth paragraph (third paragraph in the body), “one blind eye” is used that hooks into the previous paragraph. This first sentence also lets the reader know that this paragraph will deal with descriptions of people: “. . . what the old man looks like . . ..” Once again Poe is quoted and discussed. The last sentence uses the word “image” which hooks into the last paragraph. (It is less important that this paragraph has a hook since the last paragraph is going to include a summary of the body of the paper.)
1 “Thick darkness,” “thread of the spider,” and “vulture eye” are three images that Poe used in “The Tell-Tale Heart” to stimulate a reader’s senses. 2 Poe wanted the reader to see and feel real life. 3 He used concrete imagery rather than vague abstract words to describe settings and people. If Edgar Allan Poe was one of Stephen King’s teachers, then readers of King owe a debt of gratitude to that nineteenth-century creator of horror stories.
The first sentence of the concluding paragraph uses the principal words from the quotations from each paragraph of the body of the paper. This summarizes those three paragraphs. The second and third sentences provide observations which can also be considered a summary, not only of the content of the paper, but also offers personal opinion which was logically drawn as the result of this study. The last sentence returns to the Edgar Allan Poe-Stephen King relationship that began this paper. This sentence also provides a “wrap-up” and gives the paper a sense of finality.
5 paragraph essay topics are not limited to anything, as anything can be discussed in this type of essay. You can choose the essay topic that you know the most about, for example:
- Economic Power of the US
- The Best City in The World
- My Grandfather
- My First Teacher
- What is the Green House Effect
- Teaching Techniques
Visit this site if you want someone to write an essay for you.
How to Write a 5 Paragraph Essay: Helpful Expert Recommendations
California State University reports that 60% of freshmen entering its walls every year do not perform entry-level proficiency in college-level assignments; they received minimum a B average in the college preparatory curriculum. At the same time, 44% of faculty members share their students lack proper skills to face the rigors of academic college writing. A 5 paragraph essay is a cool way to check student’s readiness. The article explains how to carry out an effective 5 paragraph essay outline and shares other time-tested tips & tricks on writing a college-level paper.
After reading this article, every student will understand how to handle a 5 paragraph essay. Another nice option is to hire professional UK/US author who will prepare the essay of any type within the set time frames.
The Problems with 5 Paragraph Essay
The thing is college tutors expect to obtain concise & properly-reasoned English essays instead of the flow of illogical words chaotically put on the piece of paper. It is not a school time any longer – keep yourself organized! College professors are less loyal than the high school teachers; every in-class or homework essay assignment should be submitted on time.
Whether the student studies Religious Studies, Physics, Art, or Management, it is important to demonstrate the in-depth understanding of the subject of matter. The way incoming students prepare for their classes is weak. A 5 paragraph essay involves the next skills:
- English grammar & spelling
- Broad research (primary & secondary)
The sections below discuss some efficient methods students should memorize to handle their college essays without any obstacles. Common, hurry up before the research papers follow!
What Is a 5 Paragraph Essay: Things to Know Before Getting Started
“What is a 5 paragraph essay?” Students focus on the problems associated with academic writing rather than solutions.
The student should not hurry to write just anything on the paper. It is critical to re-read the prompt several times, underline the most important question(s) to answer, and begin the research. Get ready for an outline after that.
Instruction’s example: “Your dad rewarded you with the precious gift – he decided to do it after you have achieved a certain academic success/sport’s achievement. Explain why this gift became memorable and significant to your heart; describe it in details; and explain why your dad decided to give you this particular present.”
The purpose of the 5 paragraph essay assignment this time is to compose a narrative paper about the particular gift. The topic is a memorable gift. It has 3 subtopics to include in 3 different body paragraphs: the reasons your dad decided to give away this thing, detailed description of this trophy, and the author’s feelings regarding the invaluable prize.
5 Paragraph Essay Outline
Would you survive a quest or trip to the woods without having a map/compass in your pocket? The main reason why many high school & college students fail each five paragraph essay is the lack of reference point. Such landmark is a 5 paragraph essay outline.
Students will not realize how to write a 3 paragraph essay without having an outline to follow. Here is an outline of the five paragraph essay – the most popular type of the academic essay writing:
It is time to have a look at several golden rules students should follow to learn how to write a 5 paragraph essay.
We have concluded that it makes sense to divide the entire 5 paragraph essay into several sections to make it easier to follow the writing process. Find the details of each section below.
Introductory paragraph introduces the reader to the idea, shows the proper direction with the help of effective thesis, and prepares the audience for the rest of the content. Doing a good job in the initial paragraph means catching the reader by the hook. Put effort up front when thinking about the attractive opening sentence and powerful thesis statement to motivate the teacher to read it to the end.
It is important to train writing introductions on different topics. Try various types of hook sentences & thesis statements. Analyze which technique works best (depending on the number of online article’s views or grade from your teacher).
Body Paragraphs in Five-Paragraph Essay
Students will not understand how to write a 5 paragraph essay without this part of the paper. It contains the most important elements of the discussion: claims, supporting evidence from the credible sources, and examples to make the readers understand the topic better.
To begin with, decide on the transitions to establish various paragraphs. The closing sentence of the previous paragraph should smoothly change to the opening sentence of the upcoming paragraph with the help of proper transitions. It does not matter if you write a three or five paragraph essay.
Start each paragraph with the topic sentence where it is possible to include a specific transition or hook.
The next stage is impossible without previously researched as the next part of body paragraphs builds on the supporting evidence, examples, and opinions collected from the primary/secondary sources. Secondary sources do not play a significant role. The examples should sound realistic; try to draw the examples on a chosen topic from personal experience, news, or things close people used to go through.
Mind the varying sentence structure! Every student should try to keep away from the repetitive pronouns/lists and starting sentences in the same manner like subject à verb à direct object.
Conclusion/Last Paragraph of Your Work
It is a simple assignment: the student has stated everything important in the previous sections, and there are a couple of things let to do. Do not assume the reader gets the main point – remind of it. After restating thesis statement, make a summary of 2-3 arguments included in the paper. Try to finish the paper with a powerful hook sentence stressing the importance of the discussed theme with some predictions for the future.
How to Write a 3 Paragraph Essay: Expert Opinion
Before you ask how to write a 3 paragraph essay on the specific topic mind that it is a rare, unpopular form of an academic assignment. The article will dedicate a small passage explaining why 3 paragraph essay is not enough to cover all the related ideas.
“As a previous professor of English Arts & History in one of the UK top universities, I would recommend avoiding small essays of less than 5 paragraphs. One argument is not enough to support the main claim. Each student should propose at least 2 powerful points grabbed from the credible, up-to-date sources like books and scholarly articles to receive the highest score.”
Professor John Hedwig, professional content manager, university tutor, admissions board officer, academic counselor, & essay writer
How to Write a 5 Paragraph Essay: General Effective Tips
- Keep in mind writing an academic writing requires an active voice because a passive voice leaves the target reading audience with some good guesses concerning who could do something to the subject. It lacks specifications. The text then sounds weak.
- Try to avoid 1st-person voice in your 5 paragraph essay; only a personal narrative paper can use the first-person meaning “I.”
- Check the text several times to prevent it from dealing with the same boring pattern of beginning the thought with the topic of the sentence.
- Brainstorming is the key to successful 5 paragraph essay outline. Dedicate some time to get together with other students and write down all possible ideas related to the studied subject/specific topic. Research the ideas other students are not confident about. Throw away any ineffective arguments.
- Scan the entire essay for grammar, spelling, punctuation, and grammar issues once the work is over with the help of different free extensions + online writing tools.
- Stay concise & stick to the point.
- Test the text to see if it is logical, free of grammar mistakes, up-to-the-point, relevant, interesting, smooth, meaningful, and strong.
History Class: 5 Paragraph Essay Example
Students can ease their life by exploring the 5 paragraph essay example shared by one of our professional writers (part of it).
Social Movements and Their Impact on Latin America
Since the 1990s, social movements in Latin America are challenging traditional configurations of power. Their social protest influences both national and supranational legislation. This growing impact is supported by the population. According to Adams (2003), social movements with different purposes have completely changed trade activities in Latin America. Many people in that region have increased their income. It happened because of their successfully implemented free-trade agreements. Veltmeyer (2005) admits that the reduced taxes along with the punishment for the corrupt politicians are two long-term goals that gained massive appreciation.
Claim 1. The governments of Latin American countries cannot ignore social campaigns any longer.
Claim 2. The original usage of media and non-violent methods together with self-criticism led to the significant improvements in women rights and freedoms. Zibechi (2005) thinks that massive social mobilization can lead to even better economic and social results. However, neo-liberal reform measures still appear as the serious challenge.
Claim 3. Active privatization of public services and organizations make some social movements stay without a shelter.
Do not forget to cite your works! Here is an example of MLA reference list:
Zibechi, Raúl. “New Challenges for Radical Social Movements.”Nacla Report on the
Americas, Vol. 38, No. 5, 2005, pp. 14-21.
Veltmeyer, Henri. “The Dynamics of Land Occupation in Latin America,” Moyo and
Yeros (eds.), 2005, pp. 287-316.
Once the student reads the article to the end, some questions may pop up, and if it happens, do not be shy to contact a professional online writing service full of qualified tutors & certified academic writers. This team is ready to help every student in the world by offering an affordable custom writing on any topic and of any size!