What is the last paragraph in an essay called (order an essay inexpensively)

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The Five-Paragraph

Introduction:


Introductory Paragraph

See, first, Writing Introductory Paragraphs for different ways of getting your reader involved in your essay. The introductory paragraph should also include the thesis statement, a kind of mini-outline for the paper: it tells the reader what the essay is about. The last sentence of this paragraph must also contain a transitional “hook” which moves the reader to the first paragraph of the body of the paper.

Body — First paragraph:

The first paragraph of the body should contain the strongest argument, most significant example, cleverest illustration, or an obvious beginning point. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the “reverse hook” which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the introductory paragraph. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the second paragraph of the body.

Body — Second paragraph:

The second paragraph of the body should contain the second strongest argument, second most significant example, second cleverest illustration, or an obvious follow up the first paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the first paragraph of the body. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the third paragraph of the body.

Body — Third paragraph:

The third paragraph of the body should contain the weakest argument, weakest example, weakest illustration, or an obvious follow up to the second paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should include the reverse hook which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the second paragraph. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional concluding hook that signals the reader that this is the final major point being made in this paper. This hook also leads into the last, or concluding, paragraph.

Conclusion:


Concluding paragraph:

This paragraph should include the following:

  1. an allusion to the pattern used in the introductory paragraph,
  2. a restatement of the thesis statement, using some of the original language or language that “echoes” the original language. (The restatement, however, must not be a duplicate thesis statement.)
  3. a summary of the three main points from the body of the paper.
  4. a final statement that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end. (This final statement may be a “call to action” in an persuasive paper.)

What is the last paragraph in an essay called

What Is The Last Paragraph In An Essay Called

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what is the last paragraph of an essay called

what is the last paragraph of an essay called

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First paragraph of an essay is called – …

It has been a while since I have taken a firm stance on some bit of typographic minutia that most normal people don’t care about, so today, I’m writing about whether you should indent the first line of the first paragraph when laying out narrative text. Get ready for a wild ride, similar to previous posts on , , and . (For those of you who are really into this sort of thing, I have created a category called “” in our sidebar. Tell your friends!)

What is the first paragraph of an essay called

What does the first sentence in a paragraph do – …

It is generally considered that learning how to use the correct TOEFL essay structure is the first step to increase your writing score.

Your TOEFL essay should be about four – five paragraphs long, and it is to consist of three parts: the introduction, the body and the conclusion. Each part of the essay plays it role, and reader expects to receive some certain information from every part of the essay.

You should not underestimate the importance of the structure of your TOEFL essay. It is also necessary to mention that not using this structure is considered to be one of the biggest mistakes, ever made.

So, here comes the brief explanation of each of these three main parts of the TOEFL essay structure:

The first paragraph of your essay is called introduction. This is so because a couple of the first sentences of this paragraph simply introduce the reader to the topic of the essay. Introduction also includes thesis statement – the last sentence of the paragraph, which clearly states the opinion of the author of the essay. Thesis statement is generally considered to be the most important sentence of the essay.

The body of your TOEFL essay should be about two or three paragraphs long. Each paragraph is to begin with a topic sentence, which informs the reader what the rest of the paragraph will be about. All the rest of the sentences of the paragraph are called supporting ideas. The reason of it is because they play a role of “supporters” of the topic sentence.

How can the answer be improved?

In the first sentence of the fourth paragraph (third paragraph in the body), “one blind eye” is used that hooks into the previous paragraph. This first sentence also lets the reader know that this paragraph will deal with descriptions of people: “. . . what the old man looks like . . ..” Once again Poe is quoted and discussed. The last sentence uses the word “image” which hooks into the last paragraph. (It is less important that this paragraph has a hook since the last paragraph is going to include a summary of the body of the paper.)

The Five-Paragraph Essay – CommNet

To give you a visual of what I’m talking about, see the examples above. (Thanks to for the text.) I have always set the first paragraph of a block of text, either at the very beginning of a passage or after a subhead, flush left, including the first line, as with the example on the left.

Five-paragraph essay – Wikipedia

The fifth and final paragraph of the essay contains the conclusion. This concluding paragraph should repeat your thesis statement in slightly different words than used in your introductory paragraph. It should summarize the three arguments you presented in the body of your essay. Your final sentence should signal that your essay has come to an end. In essence, your concluding paragraph should make it clear to the reader that you believe you have proven what you set out to prove.

The first paragraph in an essay

For instance, labeling an essay “Politics of Expansion in the Western Hemisphere” has a different effect from labeling an essay, “Nazi Politics in America.” The author of the first title wants to put a positive spin on the subject-matter, but the second author wants to put the subject-matter in a negative historical context.

5-paragraph essay writing help, ideas, topics, examples

The third paragraph of the body should include the weakest argument, weakest example, weakest illustration, or an obvious follow up to the second paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should contain the reverse hook, which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the second paragraph. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional concluding hook that signals the reader that this is the final major point being made in this essay. This hook also leads into the concluding paragraph.

The Introductory Paragraph – Writing Program

If Robert Bringhurst is not an authoritative enough source for you, says this: “Professionally printed material typically does not indent the first paragraph, but indents those that follow.”

What is the last paragraph in an essay called

Body Paragraphs

Each body paragraph will have basic structure. Body paragraphs are the middle paragraphs that lie between the introduction and conclusion. The key building blocks of essays are the paragraphs as they represent distinct logical steps within the whole argument.

The body paragraphs typically have:

Topic Sentences & (possible) Transitions

Readers like to know why they’re reading a particular passage as soon as possible. That’s why topic sentences are placed at the beginnings of paragraphs. A topic sentence should contain the main idea of the paragraph, and should follow the same rules as the thesis statement. Writers should start by writing down one of the main ideas, in sentence form; the topic sentence should frame the paragraph .

Transitions are a crucial part of every body paragraph, but not all topic sentences require a transition . If writers are composing their 1st body paragraph, a transition within that first topic sentence will probably be useful. But if writers are composing their 2nd or 3rd body paragraph, a transition may not be necessary because the previous paragraph might have been concluded with a transition. Writers will have to decide where a transitional word or phrase fits best.

Transitions that Introduce New Ideas:

________ is also.

Next. then. after.

Supporting Information & Evidence

Paragraphs should be constructed with some sense of internal order , so after the topic sentence, writers will need to deliver their first supporting detail . Supporting details should be facts, statistics, examples, quotes, transitions, and other sentences which support the topic sentence.

To support the topic sentence, writers should:

give an example of this detail (see example transitions below),

next writers should unpack this example in a sentence or t wo, and then

repeat this three-step process about two more times

Good Transitions for Giving Examples:

Conclusions & (possibly) Transition Statements

Some writers may want to include a summary sentence concluding each paragraph . Conclusions for each paragraph are not generally needed, however, because such sentences can have a tendency to sound stilted , therefore writers are cautioned about using them. If a conclusion statement is deemed necessary, writers might consider setting up for the next body paragraph by means of a transition statement. But again, writers will have to make a discretionary decision on whether or not such sentences are required.

If writing a conclusion statement, writers may also want to flag that they’re concluding the paragraph by offering a concluding transition .

Transitions for Concluding Statements:

Transitions to set-up the next paragraph:

__________ is not the only.

See my graphical chart of an essay; it might help you better envision the body paragraphs.

For more information about body paragraphs visit: The Nuts and Bolts of College Writing

To see a list of transitions, click here.

Sample Body Paragraph

. [Topic Sentence] Perhaps the cheapest and most efficient security method is a so-called Safe Traveler Card or national ID card. [Support Info.] A Safe Traveler Card or national ID card would be about the size of a credit card, contain a computer chip, and cost little to produce. In some ways, these cards are like the EZ Pass devices that enable people to drive on highways, bridges, and tunnels without having to stop and pay tolls (Dershowitz 590). [Unpack Supporting Info] By scanning the card, airport security officials would be able to obtain background information from government databases for every passenger: flying history, residence, credit-card spending, travel habits, phone records, criminal background, and fingerprint and iris patterns (Safire 587). [Concluding Statement] It is easy to see how such a card could expedite security checks at airports one could tell at a glance whether a person should be searched or let through.

Taken from College Writers pg. 729-730

Introductory paragraph

The introductory paragraph should also include the thesis statement, a kind of mini-outline for the essay. This is where the writer grabs the reader’s attention. It tells the reader what the paper is about. The last sentence of this paragraph must also include a transitional “hook” which moves the reader to the first paragraph of the body of the essay.

Body – First paragraph

The first paragraph of the body should include the strongest argument, most significant example, cleverest illustration, or an obvious beginning point. The first sentence should contain the “reverse hook” which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the introductory paragraph. The subject for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This subject should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the second paragraph of the body.

Body – Second paragraph

The second paragraph of the body should include the second strongest argument, second most significant example, second cleverest illustration, or an obvious follow up the first paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should contain the reverse hook, which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the first paragraph of the body. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional hook to tie into the third paragraph of the body.

Body – Third paragraph

The third paragraph of the body should include the weakest argument, weakest example, weakest illustration, or an obvious follow up to the second paragraph in the body. The first sentence of this paragraph should contain the reverse hook, which ties in with the transitional hook at the end of the second paragraph. The topic for this paragraph should be in the first or second sentence. This topic should relate to the thesis statement in the introductory paragraph. The last sentence in this paragraph should include a transitional concluding hook that signals the reader that this is the final major point being made in this essay. This hook also leads into the concluding paragraph.

Concluding paragraph

The fifth paragraph is the summary paragraph. It is important to restate the thesis and three supporting ideas in an original and powerful way as this is the last chance the writer has to convince the reader of the validity of the information presented.

This paragraph should include the following:

  1. an allusion to the pattern used in the introductory paragraph,
  2. a restatement of the thesis statement, using some of the original language or language that “echoes” the original language. (The restatement, however, must not be a duplicate thesis statement.)
  3. a summary of the three main points from the body of the essay.
  4. a final statement that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end. (This final statement may be a “call to action” in a persuasive essay.)

1 Stephen King, creator of such stories as Carrie and Pet Sematary, stated that the Edgar Allan Poe stories he read as a child gave him the inspiration and instruction he needed to become the writer that he is. 2 Poe, as does Stephen King, fills the reader’s imagination with the images that he wishes the reader to see, hear, and feel. 3 His use of vivid, concrete visual imagery to present both static and dynamic settings and to describe people is part of his technique. 4 Poe’s short story “The Tell-Tale Heart” is a story about a young man who kills an old man who cares for him, dismembers the corpse, then goes mad when he thinks he hears the old man’s heart beating beneath the floor boards under his feet as he sits and discusses the old man’s absence with the police. 5 In “The Tell-Tale Heart,” a careful reader can observe Poe’s skillful manipulation of the senses.

The introductory paragraph includes a paraphrase of something said by a famous person in order to get the reader’s attention. The second sentence leads up to the thesis statement which is the third sentence. The thesis statement (sentence 3) presents topic of the paper to the reader and provides a mini- outline. The topic is Poe’s use of visual imagery. The mini- outline tells the reader that this paper will present Poe’s use of imagery in three places in his writing: (1) description of static setting; (2) description of dynamic setting; and (3) description of a person. The last sentence of the paragraph uses the words “manipulation” and “senses” as transitional hooks.

1 The sense of sight, the primary sense, is particularly susceptible to manipulation. 2 In “The Tell-Tale Heart,” Poe uses the following image to describe a static scene: “His room was as black as pitch with the thick darkness . . .” Poe used the words “black,” “pitch,” and “thick darkness” not only to show the reader the condition of the old man’s room, but also to make the reader feel the darkness.” 3 “Thick” is a word that is not usually associated with color (darkness), yet in using it, Poe stimulates the reader’s sense of feeling as well as his sense of sight.

In the first sentence of the second paragraph (first paragraph of the body) the words “sense” and “manipulation” are used to hook into the end of the introductory paragraph. The first part of the second sentence provides the topic for this paragraph–imagery in a static scene. Then a quotation from “The Tell-Tale Heart” is presented and briefly discussed. The last sentence of this paragraph uses the expressions “sense of feeling” and “sense of sight” as hooks for leading into the third paragraph

1 Further on in the story, Poe uses a couple of words that cross not only the sense of sight but also the sense of feeling to describe a dynamic scene. 2 The youth in the story has been standing in the open doorway of the old man’s room for a long time, waiting for just the right moment to reveal himself to the old man in order to frighten him. 3 Poe writes: “So I opened it [the lantern opening]–you cannot imagine how stealthily, stealthily–until, at length, a single dim ray, like the thread of the spider, shot from out the crevice and fell full upon the vulture eye.” 4 By using the metaphor of the thread of the spider (which we all know is a creepy creature) and the word “shot,” Poe almost makes the reader gasp, as surely did the old man whose one blind eye the young man describes as “the vulture eye.”

The first sentence of the third paragraph (second paragraph of the body) uses the words “sense of sight” and “sense of feeling” to hook back into the previous paragraph. Note that in the second paragraph “feeling” came first, and in this paragraph “sight” comes first. The first sentence also includes the topic for this paragraph–imagery in a dynamic scene. Again, a quotation is taken from the story, and it is briefly discussed. The last sentence uses the words “one blind eye” which was in the quotation. This expression provides the transitional hook for the last paragraph in the body of the paper.

1 The reader does not know much about what the old man in this story looks like except that he has one blind eye. 2 In the second paragraph of “The Tell-Tale Heart,” Poe establishes the young man’s obsession with that blind eye when he writes: “He had the eye of the vulture–a pale blue eye, with a film over it.” 3 This “vulture eye” is evoked over and over again in the story until the reader becomes as obsessed with it as does the young man. 4 His use of the vivid, concrete word “vulture” establishes a specific image in the mind of the reader that is inescapable.

In the first sentence of the fourth paragraph (third paragraph in the body), “one blind eye” is used that hooks into the previous paragraph. This first sentence also lets the reader know that this paragraph will deal with descriptions of people: “. . . what the old man looks like . . ..” Once again Poe is quoted and discussed. The last sentence uses the word “image” which hooks into the last paragraph. (It is less important that this paragraph has a hook since the last paragraph is going to include a summary of the body of the paper.)

1 “Thick darkness,” “thread of the spider,” and “vulture eye” are three images that Poe used in “The Tell-Tale Heart” to stimulate a reader’s senses. 2 Poe wanted the reader to see and feel real life. 3 He used concrete imagery rather than vague abstract words to describe settings and people. If Edgar Allan Poe was one of Stephen King’s teachers, then readers of King owe a debt of gratitude to that nineteenth-century creator of horror stories.

The first sentence of the concluding paragraph uses the principal words from the quotations from each paragraph of the body of the paper. This summarizes those three paragraphs. The second and third sentences provide observations which can also be considered a summary, not only of the content of the paper, but also offers personal opinion which was logically drawn as the result of this study. The last sentence returns to the Edgar Allan Poe-Stephen King relationship that began this paper. This sentence also provides a “wrap-up” and gives the paper a sense of finality.

5 paragraph essay topics are not limited to anything, as anything can be discussed in this type of essay. You can choose the essay topic that you know the most about, for example:

  • Economic Power of the US
  • The Best City in The World
  • My Grandfather
  • My First Teacher
  • What is the Green House Effect
  • Teaching Techniques

Visit this site if you want someone to write an essay for you.

Parts of an Essay

Introduction Paragraph

What is an introduction paragraph?

The introduction paragraph is the first paragraph of your essay.

It introduces the main idea of your essay. A good opening paragraph captures the interest of your reader and tells why your topic is important.

Supporting Paragraphs

What are supporting paragraphs?

Supporting paragraphs make up the main body of your essay.

They develop the main idea of your essay.

2. Place each supporting point in its own paragraph.

3. Develop each supporting point with facts, details, and examples.

Examples of transition words that can help you to link your paragraphs together:

For listing different points

For counter examples

For additional ideas

To show cause and effect

Like all good paragraphs, each supporting paragraph should have a topic sentence, supporting sentences, and a summary sentence.

Summary Paragraph

What is a summary paragraph?

The summary paragraph comes at the end of your essay after you have finished developing your ideas. The summary paragraph is often called a “conclusion.”

It summarizes or restates the main idea of the essay. You want to leave the reader with a sense that your essay is complete.

2. Conclude your essay by restating the main idea in different words.

3. Give your personal opinion or suggest a plan for action.

TOEFL®, GRE®, and TOEIC® are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS). This web site is not endorsed or approved by ETS.

Concluding

Your conclusion is your opportunity to wrap up your essay in a tidy package and bring it home for your reader. It is a good idea to recapitulate what you said in your Thesis Statement in order to suggest to your reader that you have accomplished what you set out to accomplish. It is also important to judge for yourself that you have, in fact, done so. If you find that your thesis statement now sounds hollow or irrelevant — that you haven’t done what you set out to do — then you need either to revise your argument or to redefine your thesis statement. Don’t worry about that; it happens to writers all the time. They have argued themselves into a position that they might not have thought of when they began their writing. Writing, just as much as reading, is a process of self discovery. Do not, in any case, simply restate your thesis statement in your final paragraph, as that would be redundant. Having read your essay, we should understand this main thought with fresh and deeper understanding, and your conclusion wants to reflect what we have learned.

There are some cautions we want to keep in mind as we fashion our final utterance. First, we don’t want to finish with a sentimental flourish that shows we’re trying to do too much. It’s probably enough that our essay on recycling will slow the growth of the landfill in Hartford’s North Meadows. We don’t need to claim that recycling our soda bottles is going to save the world for our children’s children. (That may be true, in fact, but it’s better to claim too little than too much; otherwise, our readers are going to be left with that feeling of “Who’s he/she kidding?”) The conclusion should contain a definite, positive statement or call to action, but that statement needs to be based on what we have provided in the essay.

Second, the conclusion is no place to bring up new ideas. If a brilliant idea tries to sneak into our final paragraph, we must pluck it out and let it have its own paragraph earlier in the essay. If it doesn’t fit the structure or argument of the essay, we will leave it out altogether and let it have its own essay later on. The last thing we want in our conclusion is an excuse for our readers’ minds wandering off into some new field. Allowing a peer editor or friend to reread our essay before we hand it in is one way to check this impulse before it ruins our good intentions and hard work.

Never apologize for or otherwise undercut the argument you’ve made or leave your readers with the sense that “this is just little ol’ me talking.” Leave your readers with the sense that they’ve been in the company of someone who knows what he or she is doing. Also, if you promised in the introduction that you were going to cover four points and you covered only two (because you couldn’t find enough information or you took too long with the first two or you got tired), don’t try to cram those last two points into your final paragraph. The “rush job” will be all too apparent. Instead, revise your introduction or take the time to do justice to these other points.

Here is a brief list of things that you might accomplish in your concluding paragraph(s).* There are certainly other things that you can do, and you certainly don’t want to do all these things. They’re only suggestions:

  • include a brief summary of the paper’s main points.
  • ask a provocative question.
  • use a quotation.
  • evoke a vivid image.
  • call for some sort of action.
  • end with a warning.
  • universalize (compare to other situations).
  • suggest results or consequences.

Here is the concluding paragraph of George Orwell’s famous essay, “Politics and the English Language.” If you would like to read the entire essay from which this conclusion is taken (and check out, especially, the beginning), click HERE.

*The list of things that you might do in a concluding paragraph is taken from the University of Richmond’s online document, Writing Conclusions (with the gracious permission of UR’s Writer’s Web coordinator, Joe Essid).

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