How do you spell the Spanish slang – "essay" – meaning person?
used like, "what did you say essay?"
- Posted Apr 29, 2010
- | Edited by –Mariana– Apr 29, 2010
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- it's can be used as an insult – PRking215 Feb 18, 2016
Hi and welcome to the forum.
It's "ese" and it means something like homeboy.
- gracias! – thomtheplumb Apr 29, 2010
- Good link, Marianne. Definitely need to read this, because it is a term that you would use very carefully. – DR1960 Apr 29, 2010
Ese is also like a thug. I wouldn't use it unless you knew the person really well.
What Does "Ese" Mean?
As a term of address , this term was popularized in Spanish-speaking regions of the United States. The word on the street is that it came about as a shorthand way for speakers of Mexican Spanish to say ese vato or ese güey ( that dude).
While not commonly used in Mexico, you’re quite likely to hear it in California, for example. But, ¡aguas! (be careful!) In some parts of California ese is used by members of certain gangs to self-identify. Most of the time, though, it just means dude or bro.
Check out these examples of ese .
Please Can Yo Check My Essay About TV Thanks A Lot?
Television has become an integral part of people’s living. Nowadays almost every family has got a TV set especially in the western world. What is more, even children have got their personal TV set in their rooms. Having a TV set had a grave disadvantage namely by watching it you may have a lack of time for your family and friends.
I cannot fully agree that a TV set is guilty in replacing communication between people and can be harmful .
From my standpoint, first of all everything depends on people’s nature . No doubt, that since appearance of TV people began communicating less but I am sure that the root reason stems not from TV, but from people’s unwillingness to take interest in other people.
Certainly, some people are so engrossed in watching TV without noticing what is going around.
From firsthand experience, I myself felt how TV may influence on relations between people. For example, when I was visiting one developing country where not every family are able to buy a TV set, I had a luck to be a guest in a family whose members have got no TV set and as a result they spend almost every evening together. Only imagine, after dinner all members of family were drinking tea and at the same time they were discussing every day life and current political news. As for my family after dinner we simply turn one our telly and stare at the monitor. I have to admit that we often don’t speak with each other much because we are simply busy watching TV.
To sum up, I reckon that television should not be blamed for destruction of family living and communication. Admittedly, television is part of human life.
I don’t fully agree that a TV set is guilty in replacing communication between people and can be harmful.
From my standpoint, first of all everything depends on people’s nature . However, there is no doubt that since the appearance of TV, people began communicating less but I am sure that the root reason stems not from TV, but from people’s unwillingness to communicate.
From firsthand experience, I myself felt how TV may influences on relations between people. For example, when I was visiting a developing country where all families are unable to buy a TV set, I was lucky to be a guest in a family without a TV set. As a result, they spend almost every evening together. After dinner, all members of the family were having their tea and at the same time, they were discussing about their every day life and current political news. As for my family, after dinner we simply turn on our telly and stare at the monitor. I have to admit that we often don’t communicate much because we are simply busy watching TV.
To sum up, I reckon that television should not be blamed for destruction of family living and communication. (weird after accusing the TV so much)
College Application Essay Writing: Mr. Kreisberg’s Article in The Harvard Education Letter
Click here to read article
What can an excellent essay do for you?
An excellent essay can separate your application from other candidates who are very similar to you. A winning essay that presents you with vitality, originality and focus can bring you to life in the critical but very short time your application is actually being discussed by admissions officers. In close admissions cases, one "winning" asset can tip the balance. That asset can be given substance and voice in the essay.
An excellent essay can focus your entire application: a well prepared application often has a theme– a central idea to which all the essays and all the other written materials contribute. Such themes are rooted in the facts of your background, upbringing, achievements and personality. An application with a convincing, personal, original and well- documented "theme" can be a tremendous advantage.
An excellent essay will not be a "bad" essay: Certain essay ideas can be harmful to your college admission application. These are not just taboo or tasteless subjects (which should be avoided as well, of course). The more frequent dangerous idea or approach is more subtle. Most often it will have come to you camouflaged as a deadline inspiration which you then write in a burst of misdirected enthusiasm, send off, and never look at again. The resulting essay is often a miscast or opaque satire, a whining or angry personal narrative, or something just plain confused. If you are trying to get into a school which is a reach, an angry, silly, or puzzling essay can be fatal. (By the way, a bad essay can be a good start. It may contain the seed of a valuable idea. Unfortunately, it won’t be read that way.)
We like the new technology but our primary service is old fashioned: We are editors.
Working with you on a specific college application of your choice, we will:
Help You Initiate Your Essays: we help you develop original and personal ideas tailored to the specific questions of that application.
Help You Write and Rewrite Your Essays: we guide you through the writing and rewriting process, we suggest added documentation, we explore new ideas based on your drafts, and we help you polish your essays into writing that is clear, concise and forceful.
Help You Capture A Personal Voice For Your Essays: a voice that allows your best ideas and feelings to be heard with originality, vivacity and authenticity.
OUR GREATEST BENEFIT: We unfreeze your ideas and demystify the writing process.
We help you find the clear, limited, original and personalized theme you are developing in response to the question.
This is true whether the question asks you–as does the "common" application used this year by over 100 colleges–to describe how a family member or teacher has influenced you or, as required by many other schools, to tell the admissions committee something about yourself that is not already in the application.
Once you have arrived at an authentic and personal approach to the question, the actual writing of the essay is the easier part, although 98 out of 100 applicants spend countless hours frozen over the writing while ignoring the idea–a surefire formula for frustration and mediocrity.
Writing Your Admission Essay: Seven Great Tips
1. YOUR ESSAY IS NOT GRADED BY OLYMPIC JUDGES:
College application essays are not graded like Olympics diving or gymnastics matches where you start with a 10 and lose points for every error.
The essays are not read by tyrants with red pencils, they are read by harassed admissions officers who are looking for an impression. That impression is mostly emotional. The reader of your essay is reaching an emotional conclusion about YOU, not an intellectual conclusion about your topic.
And the very best emotional conclusion that reader can reach is: "I really like this kid."
2. MAKE SURE YOU HAVE ONE GREAT IDEA:
This follows from the first point. The reader of your essay is looking through the writing–and reading very fast by the way–to get to the gist of what you have done with the question. If you have repeated any one of the thousand most frequent ideas [wrestling taught me to concentrate; grandma’s death taught me to stop and smell the roses; I like to help others in my community, and thus I help myself], you have not aided your cause on iota, no matter how well written, typed, and proofread your essay is. In fact, adding polish to a routine idea often makes it worse and less personal.
3. YOUR GOOD IDEA SHOULD BE A PERSONAL, SMALL IDEA:
Avoid "BIG TOPICS"— not only the obvious big topics like peace in the Middle East, ecology, civil rights and general human nature–but also the thousand smaller versions of those BIG IDEAS which slip into an essay as a pasted on "moral". Keep your idea personal, contained and original. If you paste on a "moral"–try to make it unexpected, but somehow "right" for you.
LESS SUCCESSFUL IDEA: I was at camp when Uncle Harry died, and finding out about his life from my parents convinced me what a warm and generous man he was.
BETTER VERSION: The first time I confronted my parents in an adult way was when Uncle Harry died. I was at camp, and they didn’t tell me about it for two weeks, thinking I would rather stay at camp than go to his funeral.
COMMENT: The better version is about YOU, not Uncle Harry (who isn’t applying for admission) and you now have a concrete, limited, and personal story. In telling that story, the details can show the committee who you are: mature, aware and eager to grow. The "real" story of the essay is not about death, Uncle Harry, or even you arguing with your parents. It’s about your success in growing up.
4. MYTH # 1: JUST RELAX AND BE YOURSELF:
The application people love to tell you this but the truth is that you have about as much chance of relaxing and being yourself while writing a college application essay as any untrained person would painting a mural or acting in a movie. Painting and acting are things that anyone can "sort of" do but which require practice and training to do well. So is writing. You have to earn relaxation. You’ll start to relax when you feel secure. That usually means after you have written several drafts, and someone knowledgeable has guided you through them.
5. MYTH #2: JUST RELAX AND BE YOURSELF:
Who is yourself? We all have several selves. One for our family, one for our friends, one for formal occasions, one for when we are alone. The snapshot taken while fooling around in your basement with a Polaroid is you, and so is the picture of you as the best man in your brother’s wedding. Which picture does the admissions committee want to see? It depends. You have to make a strategic decision. You should be a considered and well executed version of one of your better selves. Which self? The self which is best able to get the job done–the self which can present you as unique and passionate about something important.
6. LOVE IS NOT ALL YOU NEED BUT IF YOU GOT IT, GO WITH IT:
Any topic can be handled well, but if all things are equal, choose an upbeat topic. Write about a passion, not a doubt. Teen anxiety and cynicism are pretty tiresome to admissions officers. If you love something, and you can convey that love with detail and conviction, do it. If you are fortunate enough to really love someone in your family, and you can capture that feeling with anecdotes, dialogue, facts, images and stories–write it. If you are rare enough to love a younger sister or brother, and you can explain why, using anecdotes, dialogue, facts, images and stories–and in the same essay tell us something important about you–your chances of getting in anywhere just got a big boost.
7. THE TWO EFFECTIVE AND SIMPLE RHETORICAL DEVICES LEAST USED BY COLLEGE ENTRANCE ESSAY WRITERS:
Weak Version: Mrs. Von Crabbe, my piano teacher, taught me more than just how to play the piano. Her lessons were filled with advice that one could use in life. Even though her English was often just a little off, and her manner seemed odd, she will always be memorable to me.
Better Version: "Alex," Mrs. Von Crabbe would say, "the concert is starting even so before you sit down on the bench." She had told us the first day never to call her Mrs. Von Crabbe Apple "even with my back in the behind." But how could we? We loved and feared her too much.
Comment: Both essays could become weak essays if the only point they made was that Mrs. Von Crabbe was wonderful. The second essay, however, rich in quotation and detailed memory, has the promise of letting the reader "hear" Alex, the writer, and like him. Having the reader like you is probably the best kept secret of college essay writing.
No, you are not expected to be able to write as well as the Better Version, most professors can’t do that, but remembering to directly quote the key people in your essay will put you on the right path.
Which one of these sentences is better?
A. I live in a suburb outside a big city where half the property is conservation land, and the other half is large plot houses.
B. I live in Lincoln, Massachusetts, a town 15 miles west of Boston, where half the property is conservation land, and the other half is large plot houses.
Comment: Both sentences are OK, but B is better. Readers are nosy, they want to know the name of the town. Do not say "my father works for a big law firm in a big city" as if you were writing a bad version of the Great American Novel and were fearful that any real details might limit the "timelessness and universality" or your masterpiece. Write: "My father works for Arnold & Porter, a large law firm in Washington, D.C."
Of course, there’s always the possibility of too much detail. "Large law firm" in the sentence above could itself be "a 340 member law firm with branches in 12 cities [and you could name the cities]."
There can be too much detail, but that flaw is extremely rare in high school writing.
A note to parents
We realize that the college admission process can be a stressful time for families. We also know that frequently the burden of tracking and overseeing the admissions "assembly line" falls to one parent– a parent who may also have other full-time responsibilities. And in most cases, the essay will be the last, and the most persistently "nagged" about part of the application. We offer a rational approach to this headache. We set up strict timetables, we offer advice, and we give encouragement– but we do not write your child’s essay. Only your child can do that. In working with us, you are making a choice: a choice that your child will work harder on his or her college applications, and also work smarter. But please remember, the operative word is work. We are coaches and teachers, not surgeons. We encourage your child, we demand homework, we criticize, and we suggest. We do not put your child under anesthesia and perform miracles. Our work often does result in small miracles, but those miracles are performed by your child.
OUCH! The Worst Application Essays Ever, You’ll Feel Better After You Read These
if you are reading this instead of doing your business school app essays, read on to have the last laff.
GETTING OFF ON THE WRONG FOOT– –IT’S HARD TO DO WORSE THAN THESE OPENING SENTENCES
- Sure, lots of kids like to start fires, but how many of them have a propane torch, gallons of accelerants and a basket of dry rags . . .
- One score minus three years ago, and nine months, my father and mother, deciding to form a more perfect union, had sex, and that’s about how it all got started with me . . . . .
- This is Shanda writing, one of the 25 personalities possessed by Ellen Kurtz, who is the nominal applicant for admission . . . .
- among the many things that are the result of imperialism racism and kapitalism are standard punktuation grammar and spelling which all serve to put the entire human race into a sausage machine . . . .
- Coach says . . . .
- Of arms and of the woman and of Cindy Bindlemeyer and her college application essay, sing, O Muse . . . .
- How’s about I write page 342 of YOUR autobiography: "After flunking out of medical school, Kermit Dowling decides to pursue a career in college admissions . . . ."
- Take me: Please, pretty please, pretty-pretty please, super-dooper pretty-pretty-pretty please . . . . .
Huh, what’s wrong with 5 and 8? Do I need the CAMBRIDGE ESSAY SERVICE
WHY I WANT TO BE A PEDIATRIC (BABY) MARINE BIOLOGIST 🙂
I want to be a pediatric (baby) marine biologist because I like the ocean, small things, and animals. 🙂
Every summer my family and I go to our summer house for July and August and it is near the ocean. This is in Woods Hole, Massachusetts, where there is even a marine biologist museum, and the people inside the museum have cool clothes and they always have shoes that you can’t get anywhere else. I call them Marine Biologist shoes. 🙂
By the way, I was looking in your course catalog for the marine biologist courses and those courses seem to involve working with fish or things like fish. 🙁
I’m not really all that interested in fish, I mean I’ll take the required fish courses, but what I am really interested in is animals that live in or near the water, except fish. 🙁
I like seals, especially baby seals, 🙂 and whales 🙂 (Free Willy was so cool, except for part II), and even wet kittens and other small things, like baby dolphins :-)(are they fish? :-\). That’s why I want to specialize in being a pediatric marine biologist, because animals are cuter when they are little, and probably easier to study. 🙂
The Future Pediatric Marine Biologist 🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂 🙂
A college student writes: Is Rachel real. Can you send me her e-mail. I’d like to date Rachel (she’s got a big summer house and dumb, gushy girls like that sometimes are ‘fast’ and also good looking when not talking) and by the way, I do not understand why this touching and sincere essay needs the CAMBRIDGE ESSAY SERVICE
I LOVE TO BE SICK
I want to attend your university because of its outstanding health benefits. As you can probably tell from other parts of my application, I have had a number of mental break downs.
No I’m not, just kidding, but it helps to vent.
Anyway, when I took your tour last summer I wound up in the infirmary because I was really stressed and it was hot and the guide was OK but she was talking really fast and I couldn’t keep up, so I just fainted–and there I was in the infirmary.
Great infirmary by the way, say HI! to Dr. Babcock (thanks for the I-V Xanax, whoo!, I was chillin’), and when we got the bill and saw what a great health plan you had, my father was really impressed.
I think you should put your infirmary in your View Book, it’s so sterile and clean. I broke down on a couple of tours, so like I’ve checked out the competition. Cornell has a great infirmary, but they’re a BIG University (Man, would I would be stressed there), and their benefits are only so-so.
OK, reject me, it’s not that I’ll kill myself. Well, I won’t kill myself, I will come to your campus and try to kill myself, and then I will wind up in your wonderful infirmary and take extension courses.
I have to stop now.
A senior at Antioch (4th-year student, senior is hegemonic. )writes: Making fun of sick people! Not funny. How do I come to your house and beat you up? CAMBRIDGE ESSAY SERVICE
YO, TAKE MY POSSE!
We’re the NJ POSSE–six white guys livin’ near Short Hills and we’re applying to your school as a take it or leave it proposition: the whole posse or nothing.And we’re diverse too, two of the guys are Irish and two are Italian, and two are just white guys. Here’s a picture of
us taken for a line up.
Just imagine us in your View Book.And check out these stats:
Combined SATS: Over 5,000 (recentered)
High School Cumm.: 13.5 (on a 4 system)
Instruments We Play: Guitar, drums, guitar, guitar, .
Seriously, isn’t this a great idea?If you want to date any of those guys, you can meet them at the CAMBRIDGE ESSAY SERVICE
KURT COBAIN, THE PAIN . . . . .
I choose to put into the box in which you asked me to put anything that I want to put my poem to Kurt Cobain, lead singer of Nirvana and killed by his own hand and that of society in the year of our lord and savior sometime in the early 90s:
When in the rain,
He shot his brains out with a gun.
Ow, that must have hurt,
Who felt OUR pain,
Oh, sing his songs with a sore throat,
Oh, play the air guitar with polluted air,
And sit on the stage and mope.
And now the pitcher hurls the ball,
and now the air is still,
But there is no joy in Rockville,
because Kurt Cobain is dead
The guy who wrote this poem graduated from Yale in 1996 and then started Poesy.org an Internet metric consulting organization.
College Essays — What We Charge, How We Operate, Other Services,
For a fee of $600 per essay we will help you complete the personal statement requirement of any school’s application. We will do as many edits on each essay as is necessary, that is part of the fee.
Since there is usually an overlap in the types of questions asked by all schools, we most often only help you complete just one application (most frequently the so-called "common" application, which is used in generic form or with slight variations by many schools).
WHEN YOU CONTACT US:
We first determine which application you want us to help you with and we have a general discussion, usually by phone, of the actual questions you will be answering for that application. We then sketch out possible "first draft" approaches to the question, and give you a deadline, often three to five days, to complete the first drafts. Students seem surprised by that, but they are only first drafts, and the idea is to get started.
Sometimes we ask you to gather information, do library research, or talk to people who are central to your essay. For example, many essay questions ask you to discuss a teacher or relative who was influential in your development. We often suggest talking to that person and asking specific questions. You’d be surprised how many students fail to do this, as obvious as it would seem.
We then review the first draft, typicaly by e-mail/fax or phone and come up with a plan for the second draft. Very often, the critical phase is between the first and second draft. Sometimes we are able, in reviewing the first draft, to detect the germ of a genuinely impressive idea and use that as a springboard for the final essay. Once the original and personal idea is uncovered, the writing, organization, tone, and content fall into place with relative ease–relative ease compared to the pain and frustration of attempting to write something that you do not really believe in or care about.
After the first drafts, polishing your essay, adding details, and shaping it to the required length is easier and more fun. This typically takes one to three more drafts.
If you are "ultra" dedicated and can also demonstrate financial hardship, we will help you for free. Send us a 500 word letter, fax or e-mail outlining your aspirations and family background, and include the name of a high school counselor we can contact.
Cambridge Essay Service – copyright © 2017
General Essay Writing Tips
Despite the fact that, as Shakespeare said, “the pen is mightier than the sword,” the pen itself is not enough to make an effective writer. In fact, though we may all like to think of ourselves as the next Shakespeare, inspiration alone is not the key to effective essay writing. You see, the conventions of English essays are more formulaic than you might think – and, in many ways, it can be as simple as counting to five.
The Five Paragraph Essay
Though more advanced academic papers are a category all their own, the basic high school or college essay has the following standardized, five paragraph structure:
Though it may seem formulaic – and, well, it is – the idea behind this structure is to make it easier for the reader to navigate the ideas put forth in an essay. You see, if your essay has the same structure as every other one, any reader should be able to quickly and easily find the information most relevant to them.
Check out our Sample Essay section where you can see scholarship essays, admissions essays, and more!
The principle purpose of the introduction is to present your position (this is also known as the “thesis” or “argument”) on the issue at hand but effective introductory paragraphs are so much more than that. Before you even get to this thesis statement, for example, the essay should begin with a “hook” that grabs the reader’s attention and makes them want to read on. Examples of effective hooks include relevant quotations (“no man is an island”) or surprising statistics (“three out of four doctors report that…”).
Only then, with the reader’s attention “hooked,” should you move on to the thesis. The thesis should be a clear, one-sentence explanation of your position that leaves no doubt in the reader’s mind about which side you are on from the beginning of your essay.
Following the thesis, you should provide a mini-outline which previews the examples you will use to support your thesis in the rest of the essay. Not only does this tell the reader what to expect in the paragraphs to come but it also gives them a clearer understanding of what the essay is about.
Finally, designing the last sentence in this way has the added benefit of seamlessly moving the reader to the first paragraph of the body of the paper. In this way we can see that the basic introduction does not need to be much more than three or four sentences in length. If yours is much longer you might want to consider editing it down a bit!
Here, by way of example, is an introductory paragraph to an essay in response to the following question:
“Do we learn more from finding out that we have made mistakes or from our successful actions?”
“No man is an island” and, as such, he is constantly shaped and influenced by his experiences. People learn by doing and, accordingly, learn considerably more from their mistakes than their success. For proof of this, consider examples from both science and everyday experience.
DO – Pay Attention to Your Introductory Paragraph
Because this is the first paragraph of your essay it is your opportunity to give the reader the best first impression possible. The introductory paragraph not only gives the reader an idea of what you will talk about but also shows them how you will talk about it. Put a disproportionate amount of effort into this – more than the 20% a simple calculation would suggest – and you will be rewarded accordingly.
DO NOT – Use Passive Voice or I/My
Active voice, wherein the subjects direct actions rather than let the actions “happen to” them – “he scored a 97%” instead of “he was given a 97%” – is a much more powerful and attention-grabbing way to write. At the same time, unless it is a personal narrative, avoid personal pronouns like I, My, or Me. Try instead to be more general and you will have your reader hooked.
The Body Paragraphs
The middle paragraphs of the essay are collectively known as the body paragraphs and, as alluded to above, the main purpose of a body paragraph is to spell out in detail the examples that support your thesis.
For the first body paragraph you should use your strongest argument or most significant example unless some other more obvious beginning point (as in the case of chronological explanations) is required. The first sentence of this paragraph should be the topic sentence of the paragraph that directly relates to the examples listed in the mini-outline of introductory paragraph.
A one sentence body paragraph that simply cites the example of “George Washington” or “LeBron James” is not enough, however. No, following this an effective essay will follow up on this topic sentence by explaining to the reader, in detail, who or what an example is and, more importantly, why that example is relevant.
Even the most famous examples need context. For example, George Washington’s life was extremely complex – by using him as an example, do you intend to refer to his honesty, bravery, or maybe even his wooden teeth? The reader needs to know this and it is your job as the writer to paint the appropriate picture for them. To do this, it is a good idea to provide the reader with five or six relevant facts about the life (in general) or event (in particular) you believe most clearly illustrates your point.
Having done that, you then need to explain exactly why this example proves your thesis . The importance of this step cannot be understated (although it clearly can be underlined); this is, after all, the whole reason you are providing the example in the first place. Seal the deal by directly stating why this example is relevant.
Here is an example of a body paragraph to continue the essay begun above:
Take, by way of example, Thomas Edison. The famed American inventor rose to prominence in the late 19th century because of his successes, yes, but even he felt that these successes were the result of his many failures. He did not succeed in his work on one of his most famous inventions, the lightbulb, on his first try nor even on his hundred and first try. In fact, it took him more than 1,000 attempts to make the first incandescent bulb but, along the way, he learned quite a deal. As he himself said, “I did not fail a thousand times but instead succeeded in finding a thousand ways it would not work.” Thus Edison demonstrated both in thought and action how instructive mistakes can be.
DO – Tie Things Together
The first sentence – the topic sentence – of your body paragraphs needs to have a lot individual pieces to be truly effective. Not only should it open with a transition that signals the change from one idea to the next but also it should (ideally) also have a common thread which ties all of the body paragraphs together. For example, if you used “first” in the first body paragraph then you should used “secondly” in the second or “on the one hand” and “on the other hand” accordingly.
DO NOT – Be Too General
Examples should be relevant to the thesis and so should the explanatory details you provide for them. It can be hard to summarize the full richness of a given example in just a few lines so make them count. If you are trying to explain why George Washington is a great example of a strong leader, for instance, his childhood adventure with the cherry tree (though interesting in another essay) should probably be skipped over.
A Word on Transitions
You may have noticed that, though the above paragraph aligns pretty closely with the provided outline, there is one large exception: the first few words. These words are example of a transitional phrase – others include “furthermore,” “moreover,” but also “by contrast” and “on the other hand” – and are the hallmark of good writing.
Transitional phrases are useful for showing the reader where one section ends and another begins. It may be helpful to see them as the written equivalent of the kinds of spoken cues used in formal speeches that signal the end of one set of ideas and the beginning of another. In essence, they lead the reader from one section of the paragraph of another.
To further illustrate this, consider the second body paragraph of our example essay:
In a similar way, we are all like Edison in our own way. Whenever we learn a new skill – be it riding a bike, driving a car, or cooking a cake – we learn from our mistakes. Few, if any, are ready to go from training wheels to a marathon in a single day but these early experiences (these so-called mistakes) can help us improve our performance over time. You cannot make a cake without breaking a few eggs and, likewise, we learn by doing and doing inevitably means making mistakes.
Hopefully this example not only provides another example of an effective body paragraph but also illustrates how transitional phrases can be used to distinguish between them.
Although the conclusion paragraph comes at the end of your essay it should not be seen as an afterthought. As the final paragraph is represents your last chance to make your case and, as such, should follow an extremely rigid format.
One way to think of the conclusion is, paradoxically, as a second introduction because it does in fact contain many of the same features. While it does not need to be too long – four well-crafted sentence should be enough – it can make or break and essay.
Effective conclusions open with a concluding transition (“in conclusion,” “in the end,” etc.) and an allusion to the “hook” used in the introductory paragraph. After that you should immediately provide a restatement of your thesis statement.
This should be the fourth or fifth time you have repeated your thesis so while you should use a variety of word choice in the body paragraphs it is a acceptable idea to use some (but not all) of the original language you used in the introduction. This echoing effect not only reinforces your argument but also ties it nicely to the second key element of the conclusion: a brief (two or three words is enough) review of the three main points from the body of the paper.
Having done all of that, the final element – and final sentence in your essay – should be a “global statement” or “call to action” that gives the reader signals that the discussion has come to an end.
In the end, then, one thing is clear: mistakes do far more to help us learn and improve than successes. As examples from both science and everyday experience can attest, if we treat each mistake not as a misstep but as a learning experience the possibilities for self-improvement are limitless.
DO – Be Powerful
The conclusion paragraph can be a difficult paragraph to write effectively but, as it is your last chance to convince or otherwise impress the reader, it is worth investing some time in. Take this opportunity to restate your thesis with confidence; if you present your argument as “obvious” then the reader might just do the same.
DO NOT – Copy the First Paragraph
Although you can reuse the same key words in the conclusion as you did in the introduction, try not to copy whole phrases word for word. Instead, try to use this last paragraph to really show your skills as a writer by being as artful in your rephrasing as possible.
Taken together, then, the overall structure of a five paragraph essay should look something like this:
- An attention-grabbing “hook”
- A thesis statement
- A preview of the three subtopics you will discuss in the body paragraphs.
First Body Paragraph
- Topic sentence which states the first subtopic and opens with a transition
- Supporting details or examples
- An explanation of how this example proves your thesis
Second Body Paragraph
- Topic sentence which states the second subtopic and opens with a transition
- Supporting details or examples
- An explanation of how this example proves your thesis
Third Body Paragraph
- Topic sentence which states the third subtopic and opens with a transition
- Supporting details or examples
- An explanation of how this example proves your thesis
- Concluding Transition, Reverse “hook,” and restatement of thesis.
- Rephrasing main topic and subtopics.
- Global statement or call to action.
More tips to make your essay shine
Although it may seem like a waste of time – especially during exams where time is tight – it is almost always better to brainstorm a bit before beginning your essay. This should enable you to find the best supporting ideas – rather than simply the first ones that come to mind – and position them in your essay accordingly.
Your best supporting idea – the one that most strongly makes your case and, simultaneously, about which you have the most knowledge – should go first. Even the best-written essays can fail because of ineffectively placed arguments.
Aim for Variety
Sentences and vocabulary of varying complexity are one of the hallmarks of effective writing. When you are writing, try to avoid using the same words and phrases over and over again. You don’t have to be a walking thesaurus but a little variance can make the same idea sparkle.
If you are asked about “money,” you could try “wealth” or “riches.” At the same time, avoid beginning sentences the dull pattern of “subject + verb + direct object.” Although examples of this are harder to give, consider our writing throughout this article as one big example of sentence structure variety.
Practice! Practice! Practice!
In the end, though, remember that good writing does not happen by accident. Although we have endeavored to explain everything that goes into effective essay writing in as clear and concise a way as possible, it is much easier in theory than it is in practice.
As a result, we recommend that you practice writing sample essays on various topics. Even if they are not masterpieces at first, a bit of regular practice will soon change that – and make you better prepared when it comes to the real thing.
Essay Writing Help and Advice
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